Every year around over six hundred thousand patients in the US go through chemo. Chemotherapy is a procedure that destroys cancer cells in patients who are suffering with cancer.Usually, when one thinks about a patient going through chemo their first thoughts might be “bald, pale or sickly” never does the term “chemo brain” come up through a typical conversation.
Chemo brain can be described as a ‘mental fog’. Generally, patients who suffer with chemo brain have a hard time performing cognitive task as well as they use to; such as, memorizing information, bad multitasking, having a hard time paying attention and finally poor time management. Around 17% of chemotherapy patients will develop chemo brain throughout their therapy and 50% will report having cognitive issues after their therapy is over with.
One must ask themselves, “why would such a high percent of people suffer through cognitive performance issues after chemotherapy? Isn’t chemotherapy about removing cancer cells? What impact could it lead to the brain?” Well, chemotherapy is certainly true when it comes to preventing cells from spreading. However, chemotherapy can affect myelination. Meylin is supported through neurons which have an impact on cognitive performance. When demyelination occurs (a lack of meylin) a individual 's ability to perform will become shortened. Which could be potential reason to why chemotherapy affects one’s cognitive processing.
Another reason to why chemotherapy could affect
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What is Cancer? Cancer is many diseases which involve abnormal cell growth. Cancer cells are able to replicate and spread because they completely lose control and are not able to be restrained. These cells will then form to become tumors. There are two types of tumors called malignant and benign. The malignant tumor is the cancerous tumor. The benign tumors are much less destructive to the body. To tell the difference is quite simple, a malignant tumor has the ability to spread through metastasis causing the cancer to attack multiple areas, whereas the benign tumors cannot spread and are in most cases nonthreatening. Although there are numerous types of cancer, such as breast cancer, lung cancer, and kidney cancer, I chose to write about brain
--- In the normal function of the body system before the disease you would typically only forget little things; for instance every time you blinked , or every exact word you said the previous day , and control of your bowel movements , but after the disease you have no control over anything because the majority of cells in your brain have died off.
There are different types of cancers. There is Leukemia, Breast cancer, Throat Cancer, and more. Then, theres the cancers that not a lot of people think about. Cancers that exist, but are unknown to most people. They are very rare and not a lot of people have it, but it’s still there affecting people in the same ways, even worse, that any known cancer affects people. One of the is Central Nervous System AT/RT Cancer.
Brain tumors grow from abnormal cells which can be cancerous or noncancerous. Symptoms of brain tumors are headaches, muscular weakness like difficulty walking, whole body balance disorder, gastrointestinal (nausea or vomiting), sensory disorder like pins and needles, cognitive or mental confusion, speech (impaired voice), and very common blurred vision. There are various treatments for brain tumors. One includes chemotherapy which kills cells growing or multiplying too quickly. Surgery like craniotomy, this is brain surgery where a piece of bone is removed from the skull. And radiation therapy that uses X-rays to kill abnormal cells. Cancer cells can break off from the tumor into the bloodstream where they can go anywhere in the body. Noncancerous and cancerous brain tumors occur in about 12 in 100,000 people a year.
If the cancer treatment, chemotherapy is used to treat a patient, then the levels of cognitive function tested by brain imaging and memory speed will be less severe (or will increase cognitive function levels) than if the other two cancer treatment; radiation and hormonal therapy are used.
Because these cancer cells attack the bodies system it often leads to outer signs of the sickness taking control and creating nervous system dysfunctions.
Leukemia most common treatments are: Chemotherapy, Radiation therapy, and Bone marrow transplantation, and then there is also Biological therapy. In chemotherapy, patients take one or more anticancer drugs by mouth or, intravenously through IV therapy. In some cases, doctors need to inject the drugs directly into the fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. Chemo can cause side effects, like losing your hair, nausea, fatigue, or easy bruising, depending on the drug. The side effects usually go away progressively between treatments or after treatments stop.
While therapists and physicians write prescriptions for various ailments, everything from changing the morning routine to antidepressants and chemotherapy to aspirin, there is a change occurring within the confines of the brain. While it is much more difficult to precisely diagnose cognitive workings, good or bad, than it is to check physical fitness, the fact remains that there are multiple accounts from both patients and doctors as to changes in the brain’s functions, specifically after certain incidents. Just like a fall from a bike will make a person a bit more reluctant to attempt to ride that bike, or any other, again, when the functions of the mind are analyzed, the self-awareness it presents becomes an almost instant catalyst for change. People who have cancer are almost always changed cognitively as well as physically, for example. Facing mortality is a difficult thing that prompts a change in the person’s view of the world; what is worth getting upset over. When people attend therapy, of any kind, they look at themselves in a new light. They examine their own short-comings and cannot face away. When a person sees themselves the way other people see them, or simply face their issues, their perceptions change. When perceptions change, the areas of the brain that are functioning at certain times change as well. For example, a right-brain person sees a work of art and decides to attempt to view the painting, not for its meaning, for its proportions, the mathematics of
In my own words, “chemo brain”refers to a hypothetical fog a cancer patient feels in their head after going through chemotherapy. This ‘fog’ makes it harder for them to concentrate and remember things as well as being incapable of multitasking. I cannot imagine how my friend felt when he had to go through chemotherapy. His parents
Chemotherapy is a drug that targets cells that are in the process of forming a new cell in your body. Since cancer cells develop more quickly than regular cells they are a good target for the chemo drug and helps the doctor predict which drugs may work together. The reason chemo therapy has so many side effects such as nausea, hair loss, fatigue etc. is because the drugs can’t tell the difference between regular healthy cells and cancer cells causing the regular cells to also be
The brain is the main asset of our body as it controls different functions, therefore it is part of the nervous system alongside the spinal cord. Our brain has four different parts (known as lobes) that are required for different types of bodily functions (found within the cerebral cortex). The different parts are called: -
The brain is a highly complex system that controls your bodily functions and allows us to think. When someone gets a brain tumor even a benign tumor can be very dangerous because they can press up against sensitive areas of your brain and damage you most basic or complex functions.
198). The nonequivalent control group does not allow for randomization and thus the control and intervention group could have differences from the onset of the study that affect the outcomes. This study included participants greater than age 19 and less than age 75. One might argue that this widely varying age group has differing needs related to education, as well as the ability to retain and understand information that is provided. Additionally, it did not address other contributing factors to the study participants that may have impacted their ability to learn and understand. Considerations may have included current mental state, prior interventions such as cranial surgery, or influence of medications such as anti-seizure/steroid/chemotherapy drugs. The patients in the study all had metastatic brain lesions. The previously stated interventions can often affect the patient’s cognitive state and the ability of the patients to learn/retain the information that was taught to them in the pre-procedural
LM is when the layers of tissue that surround and protect the brain and spinal cord become infected with cancer, this could happen when cancer reaches the blood and is flowing in someone’s body. Cytarabine is a clear liquid that is used to help stop the spread of cancer by killing the cancer cells, so that they are unable to produce more. Surgery is used to place an Ivent which helps relieve symptoms in LM
Benign tumors are non-cancerous and do not invade nearby tissue. On the other hand, malignant tumors are cancerous and spread to other parts of the body. Judging by the fact, Renee had a difficulty speaking, and was unable to remember her way back home, it seemed like both frontal lobe and temporal lobe of brain were affected by tumors. Since she cannot remember where she lived, it is likely tumor was suppressing the hippocampus area, where long-term memory is stored. Also, Brocas’s area seemed to be affected by tumor since she had trouble with speaking words. As a health-care professional, I will explain to the family member how the brain tumor may affect the patient’s cognitive, mental, memory, and language ability. Also, I will encourage