The Constitutional Provisions Of India

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INTRODUCTION India has certain constitutional provisions and laws that make it obligatory for the state to provide the right to adequate housing to all its citizens. The Constitution of India is firmly grounded in the principles of liberty, fraternity, equality and justice. The list of constitutional provisions that have a bearing on the right to adequate housing including women’s and children’s rights to adequate housing, are: equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth (Article 15 (1)) Special provisions in favour of women and children based on the principle of protective discrimination (Article 15 (3)) Equality of opportunity in matters relating to employment or appointment to any office under the State (Article 16) Freedom to move freely throughout the territory of India (Article 19(1) (d)) Freedom to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India (Article 19 (1) (e)) Right of all citizens to practice any profession, or to carry on 9 any occupation, trade or business (Article 19 (1) (g)) Right to life and personal liberty (Article 21) DEFINITIONS Disability as defined by the Act (Person with Disability Act, 1995) covers blindness, low vision, leprosy-cured, hearing impairment, locomotor disability, mental retardation and mental illness as well as multiple disability. (l) Impairment - Missing or defective body part, an amputated Limb, paralysis after

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