The Crucible By Arthur Miller

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The theme of persecution in The Crucible by Arthur Miller is the convictions of numerous members of a village in Salem, Massachusetts in 1692. During this time God was very prominent and they had a strong desire to convert everyone to Puritanism and if one did not believe in God or practice religion, that one had chosen to bind oneself to the Devil. “The people of Salem developed a theocracy, a combine of state and religious power whose function was to keep the community together and to prevent any kind of disunity that might open it to destruction by material or ideological enemies” (Miller, 1953, p. 7). The play opens in the house of Reverend Parris’ in the bedroom of his daughter, Betty Parris. She had become ill and her father was unable to wake her. Betty was in the forest with her cousin, Abigail Williams and her fathers’ slave who was called Tituba. He had discovered them dancing by a fire, while Tituba sang and danced in her foreign tongue from Barbados; which is where Reverend Parris had spent some years as a merchant before entering into ministry and where he had met Tituba and decided to bring her with him. It is because of what he saw, combined with the fact that the doctor could not find anything in his medical book related to the symptoms that Betty was experiencing, that it was her condition was deemed “unnatural”. The Crucible was set in 1692 and in those times, an unnatural cause was thought to be associated with the practice of witchcraft. Reverend

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