The Effects Of Climate Change On Rural People Of Nepal

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All these changes tend to contribute to reduce agricultural productivity resulting in either increased prices or food shortages. While other impacts of climate change include increased forest fires due to the extended dry period, and increase pest and diseases of crops, livestock and human population (LFP, 2010). Thus, the unparalleled impacts of climate change extended to effects on ecosystem, health, food production, water resources, agriculture and livelihood (IPCCC, 2001). With developing countries like Nepal on the frontline, climate change puts and extra burden on the existing social and economic challenges that they already face (UNFCCC, 2007).
The livelihoods of rural people of Nepal rely directly and indirectly on forests. Rural area of Nepal is now confronted with the uncertainty of climate change, which could alter many relationships between people and forest. Climate impacts, such as changes in temperature and rainfall patterns resulting in drought and flooding, have a significant effect on forest ecosystems and their provision of the goods and services that serve as a safety net for many Nepalese rural people. Building coping strategies is an option for forest- dependent households and communities, and even for countries whose economies largely depend on the related sectors.
These climate change can have wide ranging, often unanticipated, effects on the environment and on socio- economic and development related sectors, including agriculture food security,
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