The Effects Of Early Family Relationships On Personality Development

1629 Words Oct 15th, 2015 7 Pages
Mary Ainsworth and John Bowlby were the founders of attachment theory. Ainsworth and Bowlby had similar thought processes before they working with one another. After college, Bowlby was a volunteer at a school for children who were maladjusted. While working with two children, they helped him decide what course of work he wanted to work in (Bretherton & U Wisconsin, Madison, US, Sep, 1992). Bretherton states the cases Bowlby saw that determined his career path: One was a very isolated, remote, affectionless teenager who had been expelled from his previous school for theft and had had no stable mother figure. The second child was an anxious boy of 7 or 8 who trailed Bowlby around and who was known as his shadow (Ainsworth, 1974). Persuaded by this experience of the effects of early family relationships on personality development, Bowlby decided to embark on a career as a child psychiatrist (759).
While working with Melanie Klein and Joan Riviere, he had doubts on Kleinian’s approach when it came to children and psychoanalysis (Bretherton & U Wisconsin, Madison, US, Sep, 1992). The Kleinian view when it came to children and psychoanalysis was, “Klein held that children 's emotional problems are almost entirely due to fantasies generated from internal conflict between aggressive and libidinal drives rather than to events in the external world” (Bretherton, 1992, p. 760). Bowlby did not agree with this view. He believed that actual family experiences played an important role…
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