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The Effects Of Parental Substance Use Disorder On Childhood Development

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The Impact of Parental Substance Use Disorder on Childhood Development
Kemeshia N. Maith
Morgan State University

The Impact of Parental Substance Abuse on Childhood Development Substance abuse disorders are significant public health concerns and rank among the most common psychiatric disorders beginning in young adulthood. Substance abuse is considered low or infrequent doses of alcohol or drugs such that damaging consequences are rare or minor (Child Welfare, 2012). Such abuse can cause social, mental, emotional, and behavioral problems. Although there are numerous studies that discuss issues of substance abuse, there is a lack of response towards childhood development impacted by parental substance use disorder (PSUD). PSUD impacts the child’s physical, psychological, social, and behavioral development. Based on data from 2002 to 2007, approximately 7.3 million children lived with a parent who was dependent on or abused alcohol and about 2.2 million lived with a parent who was dependent on or abused illicit drugs (SAMSHA, 2009).
PSUD is prevalent amongst children who experience high level of violence, become victims of abuse and neglect, and struggle with emotional difficulties. It is also prevalent amongst parents associated with child protective services ranging from 50% to 80%. (Abadinsky, 2008) stated that children become addicts on the basis of interpersonal conflicts related to unresolved family issues or problematic parental
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