The Effects Of Serotonin On The Central Nervous System Essay

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The “Jolly” Neurotransmitter If you have been diagnosed with depression, you most likely will be told it is due to a deficiency of serotonin. Serotonin is regarded by many people as the basic neurotransmitter, or chemical hormone, that regulates mood. It plays the central role in the regulation of human mood and temperament. Serotonin is an inhibitory neurotransmitter which works with the excitatory sympathetic systems, like adrenaline and dopamine, in the central nervous system. Most widely researched are the effects on the central nervous system. An oversupply of serotonin can occur, though it is not as common, and it can cause vivid hallucinations, vascular disorders, and psychotic disorders. If you have a sustained decrease in serotonin, the following will occur: increase in anxiety, loss of interest, and lack of concentration. Having a decrease or imbalance in the body sounds somewhat alarming, but there are ways to cope and restore normal balances regarding serotonin. Serotonin is created by a biochemical conversion process which combines tryptophan, a component of proteins, with tryptophan hydroxylase, a chemical reactor. The physiological activity of serotonin begins in the brainstem in groups of brain cells called Raphe nucleus. Serotonin brain cells then go to various regions of the central nervous system by branching out throughout the brain. Doesn 't that sounds just like something Sheldon Cooper would say? I thought so. Together they form, 5- hydroxytryptamine

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