One thing that person always has control over is their lifestyle. One very important lifestyle change people can make is cutting out the use of tobacco. No matter if a person is smoking cigarettes or doing it orally, the body is still receiving the nicotine. Although oral tobacco may be advertised as a healthier alternative, it is still deadly. If a person is smoking, they are also harming people around them by releasing second hand smoke. Other lifestyle changes a person can make controlling their weight at a healthy weight, being physically active, and eating healthy food. About one third of deaths caused by cancer last year were linked to not being active, poor diet, and being overweight (“Diet and Physical Activity”).
Cancer in adults is very different from that of cancer in children. Childhood cancers are usually not related to their lifestyle or environmental risk factors like adult cancers tend to be (“What are the differences”). The common types of cancers are also very different. In children the most common types of cancers are leukemia, cancers of the brain and central nervous system, and lymphoma. In these types of cancers there are also subcategories, and every child’s case tends to be different because there can be multiple types of one cancer. Treatment for childhood cancer is also very underdeveloped. Children who have survived cancer have very high risk for long-term health problems. They are forced to have careful check-ups for the rest of their lives
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‘“Cancer is like a home invasion, once it has invaded your life you will never feel safe again”’ (Adal yn's... 6). Cancer wipes out what a family knew before cancer; it wipes out their version of normal and replaces it with something that can not be controlled. When childhood cancer takes a hold of the family and never lets go. While going through cancer, it is important that a family sticks together and builds each other up through this difficult time. Childhood cancer affects everyone it comes in contact with, but it mainly affects the family, including the child suffering from cancer, as well as the parents or caregiver and siblings.
1. Most cancers incidence peak among children occurs during the first year of life. Some of the most well-known nationwide childhood cancers are leukemia, brain cancer, and other central nervous system cancers. The side effects of treatment, which range from heart disease to brain
According to the American Cancer Society, there are sixteen major types of childhood cancers and over 100 subtypes. Leukemia and Lymphoma cancer are the most common cancers that children get at a young age. Everyday forty-six kids are diagnose with childhood cancer and seven children die every day. Childhood cancer kills more kids than Cystic Fibrosis, AIDS, and asthma combined! The worst part about childhood cancer is that the treatment side affects can last a lifetime for these kids. People do not understand that childhood cancer only gets a small percentage of the budget for all cancers. National Cancer Institute budget is around $4.9 billion and only 4% of that sum goes towards childhood cancer.
Although it remains a large portion of the U.S’ economy, tobacco smoking can lead to a variety of diseases and disorders that affect the user. The effects of smoking tobacco not only affect the user but surrounding people as well: permanently destroying their lungs and children, increasing the chances of diseases and of cancer.
According to the American Cancer Society (2013) stated, “Childhood cancers are often the result of gene changes inside cells that take place very early in life, sometimes even before birth” (American Cancer Society, 2013). “Unlike many cancers in adults, childhood cancers are not strongly linked to lifestyle or environmental risk factors” (American Cancer Society, 2013).
Cancer continues to be the number one leading cause of death by disease in children. It is imperative that more work be done in order to improve survival rates for children with cancer.
The Article from CDC explains that Cancer in children is difficult to prove due to cancer being rare in children. With different forms of cancers in children can be caused from different factors in the environment. Also cancers in children have become the leading cause of death in children. “Studies have determined that
Out of 100,000 children 32.1 cancer diagnoses occur in the age group 0-14, 138.6 occur in the 15-39 age group, and 2,053.8 occur in 40 and older (cancer.gov). Pediatric cancer, being so rare, makes research and development hard to fund because there are not many eligible participants for each specific trial. This creates a “Catch 22” by having a good societal support system, yet not having enough “return-on-investment” (Milne). Pediatric cancer is the leading cause of death in children after accidents, however the amount of deaths has lower drastically in recent years. The mortality rate as a whole has decreased by fifty percent in the last thirty years, however for patients with cancers other than lymphoma or leukemia the mortality rate has not declined since 1996 (Analysis of the National Cancer Institute’s Investment). Lymphoma and leukemia are the most common cancers that children are diagnosed with, but there are many more that can occur that need new research in order to discover ways to decrease the current mortality rate. In 1960 it was discovered that leukemia could be treated by “combination chemotherapy and dose intensity” this brought the curability up from 10% before this discovery to 80% by the 1990s (Norris and Adamson). Although this treatment has been successful for leukemia patients, the most common of childhood cancers, it is not as successful with other types of cancer. There are currently clinical trials that take place to begin trying to find treatments or cure for pediatric cancer, however because of lack of funding many of the trials do not continue or never really take off. Due to the lack of funding and efforts put forth into research for pediatric cancer more the 2,500 children die in America every year (thetruth365.org). Children diagnosed with cancer deserve more work to be put into finding a cure so they can go on to live long, happy
“Loathsome to the eye, hateful to the nose, harmful to the brain, and dangerous to the lungs.” says King James of England and Scotland, describing smoking in 1604 (Connolly 13). Tobacco use kills millions of people a year but still only has few legal restrictions. Many argue that the use of tobacco is a right we have in the United States but the harm that it does to the innocent may outweigh those rights. Because the use of tobacco negatively impacts the health of both the users and those around them, all tobacco products and their use should be illegal.
Pediatric Cancer is a scary concept. We think as a society that children are innocent and should not have to go through such a deadly and scary adult disease. Unfortunately that is not true. Cancer has no limits or prejudices on what the age, sex, or race of its victim will be. With this paper I want to discuss multiple topics about pediatric cancer. First the statistics, then the treatment options, finally the treatment/prognosis for the family as a whole and not just the patient. There are different treatments that should occur when dealing with the family members of a patient that has cancer. A social worker that works in pediatric oncology truly wears many hats.
Prognosis for kids can be very diverse as symptoms can be very different from adults. With children their immune system isn’t as strong as an adults so the disease can spread faster. That’s why it is important to regularly keep up with scheduling doctors appointments for children. Their symptoms can be mistaken a lot easier. The other thing is that this cancer is rarely found in kids and more in adults. Since its rare to find it in a child it lacks a little research therefore very diagnosis and procedure is based on what has been done to children
There have been more than 4,000 chemicals in tobacco and tobacco smoke. 60 of the chemicals can cause cancer. Smoking too much tobacco can cause many affects on your body like heart disease, bad teeth, and many other problems. A lot of people think smoking can’t hurt you, but it can in many types of ways. Smoking can damage your lungs.
Cancer, a long and difficult journey assimilated with death. Cancer, in general, is when cells begin to grow out of control and can start anywhere in the body. There are many different forms and types of cancer; scary but true. All forms of cancer is terrifying, but the most terrifying for children is Leukemia. Leukemia is the most common form of cancer in children and teens. It zones in on blood-forming cells, mainly white blood cells, in the bone marrow. This form of cancer accounts for almost one out of three cancers (Leukemia in Children). Why, in my opinion, this is the most intimidating form of cancer is because it takes the lives of the young who had so much potential and barely began to live their own lives. It takes those who are
Cancer, one of the most feared words in our vocabulary of this time, especially in childhood (Druker 1). Most people when thinking of “childhood cancer” envision very young children, although a “Nation Institute of Health Policy concerning inclusion of children in clinical research defines children as being younger than twenty-one years of age while the Food and Drug Administration considers children to be fifteen years and younger” (Ries 158). That being said, most cancers incidence peak among children occurs during the first year of life (Gurney 149). Some of the most well-known nationwide childhood cancers are leukemia, brain cancer, and other central nervous system cancers (oeconline 1). In conjunction, “the side effects of treatment,
Tobacco; one of the most profitable products in history, an addictive substance, and a deadly killer. Smoking tobacco used to be a thing that was endorsed in American society. Now, with the new medical advances and knowledge, society has seen the side effects of smoking and how fatal it actually is. Teenagers have been one of the largest age groups that have been affected by smoking. After analyzing all possible reasons as to why teenagers would smoke while knowing it can affect their health, three possible reasons stuck out the most. Teenagers smoke despite knowing the health problems that originate from smoking because of peer pressure, an “invincibility” mentality, and seeing a role model or family member smoke.