The Enlightenment and the Scientific Revolution: Essay

1835 WordsMar 9, 20068 Pages
The Enlightenment and the Scientific Revolution: Men of Ideas Creating Change Nicole Hill The eighteenth century is often referred to as the Enlightenment. The ideas of many individuals combined to create a movement that would not only sweep across Europe, but reach as far as the America's. The idea of a world without caste, class or institutionalized crudity was what many were striving to achieve. Coinciding with the Enlightenment was the Scientific Revolution. Advancements in astronomy, technology, medicine and mathematics were but a few of the areas of remarkable discovery. The conclusions and observations brought forward by the Scientific Revolution in the eighteenth century have survived and thrived through to modern times.…show more content…
"He described medieval Europe as hopelessly morassed in ‘decay and degeneracy'." "Voltaire never lost his melioristic philosophy or his deep humanism. More and more he turned to social action, the spirit of which pervades his campaign against the Church, "as well as his campaigns to help those who were the victims of fanaticism and persecution. Voltaire's Dictionnaire philosophique (1764) was the summation of his philosophy, and it remains one of his most living works." Voltaire came to the conclusion that "reason was the only weapon that raised man above the animals." "He was essentially a humanist – the greatest humanist of the Enlightenment." Voltaire believed in the republic of scholars and in the primacy of ideas in historical evolution. Thus, he became the prophet of progress. "Voltaire was the leader of the philosophes, their most respected adherent, and the very symbol of the new spirit" Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) epitomized the Enlightenment in colonial America. European thinkers regarded him as a genuine philosophe. Franklin met French philosophe Voltaire on two occasions. On the second meeting, as the two men shook hands and embraced it was said, "How charming it was to see Solon and Sophocles embrace." The writings of the European thinkers eventually reached the colonies, where they received mixed emotions. The American Enlightenment was a rather tame affair compared to its European counterpart, while the colonists welcome
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