The Environmental And Genetic Factors Affecting Children With Type 2 Diabetes

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Abstract The number of women in the United States of America who are suffering with Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a rapidly increasing and growing public health issue causing morbidity and premature mortality around the world. The environmental and genetic factors have been implicated in the development of this disease. The increasing population growth, ageing populations, dietary changes, prevalence of obesity, economic development, and physical inactivity is associated with the rise in diabetes. T2D burden will continue to increase worldwide without effective prevention and management. Due to socioeconomic disadvantage and lack of access to care, the vulnerable population is more at risk of diabetes. Interventions which prevent the…show more content…
According to Rhee et al., “approximately 29.1 million people or 9.1% of the U.S. population currently has diabetes (2015)”. As the rise in diabetes continues so is the cost of medical care. Physical activity and proper nutrition and are the cornerstone of treatment and prevention of T2D. In addition to lifestyle modifications, controlling blood glucose, cholesterol, and blood pressure dramatically improves health outcomes (American Herat Association [AHA], 2015). Furthermore, Increasing awareness, knowledge and understanding about diabetes among patients, health care professionals, and the community is crucial. A global perspective of the epidemic of T2D is essential to understand the true dimensions of the disease burden and its consequences by making sure the vulnerable population have access to care. According to Rhee, et al., compared to non white women, African American women are more likely to be physically inactive and have a higher body mass index (2015). The study found that with a healthier diet in all ethnic and racial groups, the risk of T2D reduced. A healthy rich diet containing plenty of fruits and vegetables, weight control, exercise, and behavior modification can greatly prevent and reduce complications of T2D. The need for education and on-going support for patients with type 2 diabetes requires taking control of diabetes to improve the quality of life. The purpose of this paper is to determine the
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