The Father Of Person Centered Therapy And Humanistic Psychology

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Carl Rogers is widely known as the father of person-centered therapy and humanistic psychology. He quietly revolutionized counseling theory and practice with his basic assumptions that “people are essentially trustworthy, that they have a vast potential for understanding themselves and resolving their own problems without direct intervention on the therapist’s part, and that they are capable of self-directed growth if they are involved in a specific kind of therapeutic relationship”. Rogers was a courageous pioneer who “was about 50 years ahead of his time and has been waiting for us to catch up” (Elkins, 2009, p. 20). Rogers is also known as the “father of psychotherapy research”, as he was the first to study the counseling process in …show more content…

This obviously was a revolutionary idea at the time, which caused major disruption to the theoretical order (Corey, G. (2013). Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy, 10th Ed., p. 165-166). In the 1950’s, Rogers changed the name of his approach from non-directive counseling to client-centered therapy, which was focused on the client. In the 1950’s and 1960’s, Rogers and his colleagues conducted exhaustive research on behalf of his theory testing the client-centered notion of “how people best progress in psychotherapy”, and by studying how the client-therapist relationship is a catalyst for personality change. The next period, which evolved in the 1980’s and 1990’s, was centered around the expansion of education, groups, conflict resolution, industry, couples and families, politics and world peace, which in turn created and coined his theory as the person-centered approach (Corey, G. (2013)). Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy, 10th Ed., p. 166-167). The next step in the evolution of person-centered therapy was Emotion-focused therapy, or EFT. This approach focused on the role of emotion in human functioning and psychotherapeutic change (Greenberg 2014, p. 15). Leslie Greenberg, who developed the approach, stated, “EFT is designed to help clients increase their awareness of their emotions and make productive use of them”.

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