The first time a girl gets her period is a defining moment in her life. It marks significant biological changes in her body and means she is now able to conceive a child. Each month when you get your period, also known as menstruation, your body sheds the lining of the uterus. The menstrual blood flows through the cervix and out of the body through the vagina. A typical period lasts anywhere from 3 to 7 days. Here are some important things to know about your periods, for both young women just learning about menstruation and those who are experiencing changes in their typical cycle. ￼ Why You Get Your Periods Every month, an egg begins to grow in one of your ovaries. After it is fully developed, it leaves the ovary and travels to the …show more content…
Some might not even notice they are bleeding more than they usually do in a particular cycle, and they are using more sanitary products than they normally would. Some women’s periods may last longer than the typical 3 to 7 days, but they may discount the importance of that as well. However, heavy bleeding during periods and cycles that stretch beyond 7 or 8 days might be indicative of a fibroid growth. A fibroid is a noncancerous, fibrous and muscular growth that appears in or around the uterus. Heavy and prolonged bleeding is the most commonly reported symptom among women suffering from fibroids, according to a 2014 study published in The International Journal of Women’s Health. Occasionally, you may also notice the presence of blood clots in your menstrual flow. This, too, can be a sign of fibroids. ￼ Excessive Menstrual Pain may Indicate Endometriosis Abdominal pain and cramps are common complaints during period cycles when the uterine wall is shedding itself. During periods, the endometrium produces prostaglandin, a hormone that induces inflammation and pain. However, severely debilitating pain in the lower abdominal region and pelvic area that affects your ability to carry out daily activities in a major way can be indicative of endometriosis. Endometriosis is an inflammatory disorder in which the uterine tissue, that is typically supposed to grow and stay inside the uterus, grows outside the uterus. This tissue also forms the uterine
An over production of the hormone progesterone is created which stops the follicle-stimulating hormones (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). Those are the hormones needed for an egg to be released and travel down into the uterus for a menstruation cycle. If that does not occur, there is not menstruation (Marieb & Hoehn 2013)
The female reproductive system contains two ovaries. The ovaries nourish the eggs as they mature and are ready for fertilization. An egg will come to maturity approximately every 28 days. When the ovum has matured, the ovary releases it in a process called ovulation. After ovulation the ovum moves into the fallopian tube adjacent to the ovary.
Another form of birth control would be the birth control pill. The pill is made of hormones, estrogen and progesterone which keep the eggs from leaving the ovaries. There is also another form of birth control called the birth control implant which is a thin, flexible plastic implant that is inserted in the upper arm. The implant will last up to three years and releases progesterone which prevents the eggs from leaving the ovaries. Pregnancy cannot happen if there is no egg for the sperm to join to (Planned Parenthood). The normal stages of development in the fetus during the first weeks after conception is the when the second degree oocyte and the sperm undergo capacitation, when the secretions from the female, the hard membrane of the sperm breaks down and becomes fragile which allows hydrolytic enzymes to be released when it comes in contact with the oocyte. After sperm enters into the egg, it then completes meiosis II, the ovum and sperm swell causing female and male pronuclei. The pronuclei then finish fertilization and become a zygote. The zygote then undergoes many stages of division and becomes a blastocyst and implants in the endometrium of the uterus. This all happens within six to eight days. Some of the hormonal changes that might occur after becoming pregnant are large amounts of oxytocin being produced, which is inhibited until labor. Oxytocin stimulates the uterus to contract (Hendry, C). Prolactin, progesterone, and estrogen levels also rise
Each month inside your ovaries, a group of eggs starts to grow. Eventually one of the eggs erupts from the follicle and this is known as ovulation. It usually happens about two weeks before your next period. A hormone is released that helps thicken the lining of your uterus, getting it ready for the egg. After the egg is released, it
Conception also known as fertilisation is the fusing of two gametes. This creates an embryo which will eventually develop into a baby. All human life begins with conception. A fertile woman will usually produce one egg a month around 2 weeks after the last menstrual period.
In endometriosis, this endometrial tissue begins to grow in places outside the uterus. Typical sites include the fallopian tubes, intestines, vagina, and on scars that my form after abdominal surgery. The misplaced endometrial tissue thickens, engorges with blood and bleeds during the menstrual cycle, just like the normal tissue in the uterus. However, there is no place for the abnormally placed endometrial tissue outside the uterus to shed blood. This results in the formation of cysts, scars, and adhesions. This process can also block or affect the fallopian tubes so that conception and pregnancy are less likely to happen. It can also result in complete infertility. Other symptoms of endometriosis are often associated with heavy or painful periods. Risk factors for the development of endometriosis include having a mother or sister with the disorder, never having children, starting the menstrual period at an early age, and frequent or long periods. According to Dr. Camron Nezhat, Laparoscopic Surgeon at Stanford University, 5.5% of women in the U.S are infected with Endometriosis and 30% to 40% are infertile as a result of it.
Fibroids are becoming more and more common in women in the United States. It is estimated that 171 million women in the U.S. were affected by this condition in 2013(6). About 20% to 80% of women develop fibroids by age 50 (6). As many as three out of four women may have uterine fibroids in her lifetime (4). Fibroids, also known as uterine leiomyoma, are benign tumors that can be found in women of childbearing age due to its dependence on estrogen and progesterone (7). They are made of muscle cells and other tissues that can grow around or in the uterus or womb. With fibroids, a single cell divides repeatedly, eventually creating a firm, rubbery mass distinct from nearby tissue (2). Some fibroids even go through growth spurts where they grow and shrink on their by itself. There are women with fibroids who have no symptoms at all. If they do, it may consist of heavy or painful periods, frequent
eggs will essentially mature. Contrary to women, a man begins producing sperm at puberty, which gradually decreases along with age. During the actual conception, over 200 million sperms head towards the egg and try to break through. One is successful, the rest aren’t.
The symptoms of endometriosis affect the women who suffer them in different ways. Most women notice an increase in symptoms as their menstrual period approaches and begins. In rarer cases the symptoms persist throughout the month. The discomfort and pain is normally localized in the pelvic, abdominal or lower back regions. The severity of the pain caused varies from woman to woman. Endometriosis can also cause heavy menstruation and in severe cases infertility.
Although there are things that may possibly be linked to a person having endometriosis, there is no definitive origin of endometriosis. Women of all types can be diagnosed with this disease.
Endometriosis is a disease that has an effect on over six million women and girls in the United States alone, over one million women in Canada, and several million more around the world. Endometriosis is known to be a chronic and painful affliction of the tissue surrounding the uterus, normally found in the abdomen, inside of the fallopian tubes, often located on the ovaries, covering the supporting ligaments around the uterus, on the lining of the pelvic cavity, or can be found in the perineum. Although these are the normal physiological locations for Endometriosis, it can also affect the bowels, bladder, cervix, vulva, bladder, vagina, and is often associated with surgical scars found on the abdomen. The most clear indicator of endometriosis is pain associated with the abdominal area.
The menstrual cycle is something that a lot of girls and even guys have questions about. The menstrual cycle is something that only girls go through once they experience puberty. It is nothing more then the route of an egg through the female’s reproductive system. The menstrual cycle starts as the egg matures in the ovary. The egg is then released from the ovary during the process called ovulation. The egg then travels in the fallopian tube until it reaches the uterus. If it is not fertilized by a sperm, through fertilization, then it out of the body in a process known as menstruation, or a period.
There are three different types of Uterine fibroids. One type is Submucosal fibroids. This type of fibroid grows into the inner cavity of the uterus. These are more likely to cause heavy menstrual bleeding and can have an effect on pregnancy (Mayo
Sitting in class for the first time, it was half of what I expected. I expected to sit by people I didn’t know, learn about old things in new lights, and writing a lot of papers. What I didn’t expect was me hating college. I am not as creative as some teaches would like, but that isn’t my personality, and I dint want it to be either. I fully expected college to try and morph me into a perfect little student that I knew I wasn’t. College so far to me hasn’t been fun and I will treat it like Wal-Mart. When I say that, I mean that I will get in and get out as fast as possible. If I pick up stuff along the way then alright, but if I don’t, then it won’t kill me.