The Five Forces-General Assumption

1099 Words May 24th, 2011 5 Pages
The five forces – general assumption
The threat of the entry of new competitors
Profitable markets that yield high returns will attract new firms. This results in many new entrants, which eventually will decrease profitability for all firms in the industry. Unless the entry of new firms can be blocked by incumbents, the abnormal profit rate will fall towards zero (perfect competition). * The existence of barriers to entry (patents, rights, etc.) The most attractive segment is one in which entry barriers are high and exit barriers are low. Few new firms can enter and non-performing firms can exit easily. * Economies of product differences * Brand equity * Switching costs or sunk costs * Capital requirements *
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Examples of recent technology advantage in have been mp3 players and mobile telephones. Vertical integration is a strategy to reduce a business ' own cost and thereby intensify pressure on its rival.
Strategy consultants occasionally use Porter 's five forces framework when making a qualitative evaluation of a firm 's strategic position. However, for most consultants, the framework is only a starting point or "checklist" they might use " Value Chain " afterward. Like all general frameworks, an analysis that uses it to the exclusion of specifics about a particular situation is considered naїve.
According to Porter, the five forces model should be used at the line-of-business industry level; it is not designed to be used at the industry group or industry sector level. An industry is defined at a lower, more basic level: a market in which similar or closely related products and/or services are sold to buyers. (See industry information.) A firm that competes in a single industry should develop, at a minimum, one five forces analysis for its industry. Porter makes clear that for diversified companies, the first fundamental issue in corporate strategy is the selection of industries (lines of business) in which the company should compete; and each line of business should develop its own, industry-specific, five forces analysis. The

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