The Growth of Image-Guided Surgery Techniques

592 WordsJan 29, 20182 Pages
IGS had dominated the surgical operation theatre (OT) since it successfully lead to the removal of a needle in a patient's hand in January 1896 at Birmingham UK [2]. IGS in its various forms (Registration, Visualization which includes Virtual and Augmented Realities, and Segmentation) is indispensable since the adoption of minimally invasive method of surgical operation [3], [4], [5] in disfavor of traditionally more invasive method because of the latter's advantages, which includes efficacy, reduced cost, less lesion, minimal discomfort to the patient, surgeons' safety, less operation time (surgical plan can be practiced ahead of time, recorded, and presented in the operating room), decreased hospital stay, less post operation medication, and quick healing time .In recent years imaging techniques have grown greatly in their sophistication and can provide the surgeon with high quality guidance [10] at many stages of intervention. Virtual reality plays an important role in medical area especially in the medical area. As we know that surgery is one of the way of curing a patient through remove or replace a particular organ. Every surgery is taking risk for the patient and surgeon. In order to make the surgery more and more secure and low risk scientist tried lots of the methods such as preoperational plan before surgery via the image scanning likes having endoscopy imaging for digestive surgery, and used minimal invasive surgery to make the incision for the body to look
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