The Horn Of Africa

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Hamadryas baboons currently inhabit Ethiopia, Sudan, Somalia, Djibouti, and Eritrea – comprising the location we call the Horn of Africa (Swedell 2006). Their habitation can also be found in the southwestern portion of Arabian Peninsula and Saudi Arabia (Swedell 2006). The Hamadryas baboons –sometimes called “desert baboon” lives in dry, desert-like environment that distinguish them from other types of baboons (i.e mountain baboons and savanna baboons). Belonging to the genus Papio, part of the subfamily Cercopithecinae, five known species of baboons (Hamadryas, Guinea, Olive, and Yellow) all are distributed across the African continent (Swedell 2006). Each species’ territory consists of a distinct hybridization zone overlapping other…show more content…
& Ehardt, T.). In conservation, Hamadryas baboons are in Yangudi Rassa National Park, Harar Wildlife Sanctuary, Awash Valley, and Northern Eritrea (Gippoliti, S. & Ehardt, T.)
The diet and feeding behavior of the Hamadryas consist primarily of doum palm trees (Hypaene thebaica), leaves, flowers, pods, seeds of Acacia Senegal, A. Mellifera, and Grewia berries (Swedell 2006). Their diet seems to consist of herbivorous foods but there are reports that Abyssinia hares (Lepus Capensis Habessinicus), small mammals such as dik-dik, and infants of larger ungulates such as gazelles, are also a source of food for the Hamadryas (Swedell 2006). There are little to no food competition between Hamadryas baboons due to the fact that food sources are sufficiently dispersed and the population is divided into small foraging groups (Swedell 2006).
The estimated home range size of Hamadryas baboon is from 9.3 km2 to 28 km2 (Swedell
2006). This numerical estimate changes in relation to season (increase in home range during the wet season allows for greater vegetation and food abundance and shorter home range in dry season with decrease in abundance of food) (Swedell 2006).
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Traveling population prefers to travel where there is running water (Altmann 1970). Though the baboons travel close to running water, they “actively avoid the water itself. When their route requires that they cross a waterway, they usually travel along it until they find a spot where it is narrow
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