The IRA: A Terrorist Group

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Seamus Heaney once said “But that citizen’s perception was also at one with the truth in recognizing that the very brutality of the means by which the IRA were pursuing change was destructive of the trust upon which new possibilities would have to be based.” This quote proves that the IRA is a controversial group. There is dissension whether or not the IRA is a terrorist group or that it was not and became one. This paper will address the history of the IRA, Cumann na mBan, the splinter groups off of the original Irish Republican Army, on how the IRA became a terrorist group, and the opinions about the IRA.
To begin with, the history of the IRA from 1916 to the end of the 1960s. The IRA in irish is called Óglaigh na hÉireann which means “The
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In the beginning of the 1970s, bombings, assassinations, and ambushes were carried out by the Provos. January 30, 1972 which has been remembered as “Bloody Sunday” was when British troops opened fire on a Catholic Londonderry which killed 14 people. “Bloody Sunday” strengthened Catholic sympathy for the IRA which caused the Provos recruitment to soar while Loyalist groups sprang up to challenge them. The Provos in 1973 expanded their terror into mainland Britain and then Europe. In 1981, hunger strikes caused 10 republican prisoners, 7 of them IRA, to die. This event caused the political aspect of the effort to grow to compete with the military one. The leaders of Sinn Féin, Gerry Adams and Martin McGuiness, also with the leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party John Hume, sought ways to end the armed struggle and bring the republicans into democratic politics. In August 1994, the IRA declared that they would stop all military activities and in October the loyalist paramilitary groups also declared a similar ceasefire. The groups were convinced by the Irish and British governments that a ceasefire would be awarded with participation in multi party talks, but Sinn Féin was excluded from the talks. Unionist demands for the IRA to decommission caused Sinn Féin to be left out.. The IRA’s political representatives agreed to decommission which then allowed them to participate in the multiparty talks of September of 1997.…show more content…
On April 2nd 1914, over 100 women gathered in Dublin to discuss the role of women in the lead-up revolution. Agnes O’Farrelly presided over the meeting with the first provisional committee including Agnes MacNeil, Elizabeth Bloxham, Jenny Wyse Power, Nancy O’Rahilly, Mary Colum, and Louise Gavan Duffy. The women of this group adopted a constitution that stated that they wanted to advance the cause of Irish liberty, to arm and equip the men for the defence of Ireland, and to form a fund for these purposes. These women engaged in training for rifle practice, drill and signalling, and first aid. Feminists called Cumann na mBan women “handmaidens” to the Irish Volunteers. Mary Colum said that the group were allies with the Volunteers. On the outbreak of World War I, Cumann na mBan women refused to urge any Irish Volunteers to enlist in the British army which caused a split in their group. The group’s numbers declined after the split, but the women who remained were committed to the cause of Irish Freedom. Almost all the women that participated in the Easter Rising were members of Cumann na mBan. After 1916, the women were fighting for freedom and for women’s rights. In 1918, the women maintained their role in fighting for an Irish republic, but stated that they would be full and equal citizens in the new republic. During the Irish War of Independence, the women played a vital role. They participated in gun
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