The Impact Of Classroom Design On Student Learning

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The Impact of Classroom Design on Student Learning
Introduction
The purpose of this literature review is to explore how classroom design impacts student learning. The question I aim to answer is, “What factors in classroom design have shown to have the greatest impact on student learning, engagement, and academic achievement?”
The importance of effective classroom design has gained increased interest over the past couple decades. Psychological and child development theories identify the importance students’ physical environment in creating positive affects on their engagement and achievement (McLaren, Ruddick, Edwards. Zobjeck, & McKeever, 2012). Classroom designs that promote one-way information exchange between the student and teacher hinder student-learning outcomes when used exclusively. Research shows that while this type of exchange may be effective with some academic subjects and student dynamics, it should not be the only method of teaching (Sanders, 2013).
Historically, classrooms were designed for primarily direct instruction with little consideration for the students’ different learning styles. Even when researchers arrived at a point to begin looking into enhancing classroom design, difficulties were presented. There was a lack of research methods to address the many variables that must be considered in determining the most suitable classroom designs for particular learning environments (Imms & Byers, 2016). The literature review herein, consisting of
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