The Importance Of Food Security

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As global cities continue to expand, food demand in cities is going to rise as well. Food security in high rises is a complicated process. People claiming to not have enough food while others carelessly throw food away. With the increase of population in cities and food waste, natural resources including water, land and energy, are going to decline and food security is unlikely to be achievable and sustainable. According to the Environmental Protection Agency, Wasted food accounts for about 2% of greenhouse gas emissions, 35% of freshwater consumption, 31% of cropland and 30% of fertilizer usage (USA Today). According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, food security is defined as a situation that exists when all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life (FAO, 2011). Whereas food waste is simply food intended for consumption that is wasted along the food supply chain and cannot be used. To achieve and sustain food security, there is need to come up with food production technology that produce food with less waste for more people. The high percentage of food loss happens because of a long food supply chain of food, from initial production down to final household consumption. More than 40% of food is lost in the pre-consumption stage during harvest, drying, storage and transport (University of
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