Elvia Medina Q. Intelligence Testing Intelligence testing has changed greatly throughout time. From the its original Binet-Simon version to its first revised Stanford-Binet version and later influencing the Wechsler scale, it has opened new doors to what intelligence is considered to be. Like everything else it has its good and bad aspects. Not only does it point out mental abilities but other skills we might have including our emotional skills. It’s so useful to obtain a basic concept of an individual’s abilities that even our military uses intelligence tests for recruitment. According to authors Pastorino and Doyle-Portillo (2006), Alfred Binet along with psychiatrist Theodore Simon were acknowledged for developing the base for the …show more content…
The formula used to determine your IQ is your mental age over your chronological age times 100, the 100 being the “average” IQ (pp. 329). This gives us the IQ of a person to determine whether they are above or below the average IQ of 100 (Pastorino & Doyle-Portillo, 2006, pp. 330). The Binet-Simon scale and the Stanford-Binet scale added great benefits to intelligence testing but focus mainly on children of different ages. A newer revision has stood up to the popularity of these two and focuses on older ages. Boake (2002) states in his article that the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale leads first in intelligence testing. This new revision of the IQ test by David Wechsler was created for adults, it had subjects that did not require verbal skills and the scoring was changed to a “normal distribution” (Weiten, 2002, pp. 275). The test compared an individual’s score to the average person’s score to determine their IQ and most people could expect to score near the average IQ which was between 85-115 (Pastorino & Doyle-Portillo, 2006, pp. 330; Kilbourn, 2017). Pastorino & Doyle-Portillo (2006) further detail that using the Wechsler concepts, three separate tests were created and used today. The first is the WPPSI-IV for children ages two and a half to seven years old. The second is called the WISC-IV for children ages 6-16 and lastly is the WAIS-IV used for people aged 16-90 (pp. 330). This kind of
Bibliography Brainmetrix.com. “Intelligence definition.” Brain Metrix. 2007. Web. 14 Jan. 2016. Breyer, Melissa, and 25 p. Which of the 8 kinds of intelligence do you have? MNN - Mother Nature Network, 13 Jan. 2016. Web. 13 Jan. 2016. Gariépy, Jean-François. What is intelligence ? 31 Dec. 2012. Web. 14 Jan. 2016. “Human intelligence | psychology.” Encyclopædia Britannica. N.p.: Encyclopædia Britannica, 7 May 2015. Web. 14 Jan. 2016. Inc, Merriam-Webster. Merriam-Webster’s School Dictionary. Springfield, MA: Merriam Webster,U.S., 9 Apr. 2015. Print. Kaufman, Scott Barry. What do IQ tests test? Interview with psychologist W. Joel Schneider. Scientific American Blog Network, n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2016. Mann, Denise. “Does IQ test really measure intelligence?” WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2016. McLennan community college university. “What is intelligence.ppt.” Mccu.org. n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2016. Miller, Max, et al. What is intelligence? Big Think, 2 Sept. 2010. Web. 13 Jan. 2016. Muehlhauser, Luke. “What is intelligence? - machine intelligence research institute.” Analysis. Machine Intelligence Research Institute, 19 June 2013. Web. 14 Jan. 2016. “The Difference Between Intelligence and Common Sense.” Quora. 20 Jan. 2015. Web. 20 Jan. 2016. “The Three types of intelligence you need for success.” Psychology Today, 7 Oct. 2013. Web. 20 Jan. 2016. Citations, Quotes & Annotations Brainmetrix.com. “Intelligence definition.” Brain Metrix. 2007. Web. 14 Jan. 2016. (Brainmetrix.com) "While
When comparing Alfred Binet and Lewis Terman on their approaches to intelligence testing there are some similarities amongst the two. One such similarity would be regarding content. Alfred Binet’s approach to intelligence testing consisted of tests that ranged in difficulty levels from easy to hard. These tests required one to demonstrate his or her own cognitive ability, decision making, and verbal skills. Lewis Terman’s approach to intelligence testing was an updated version of Binet’s. Terman also used cognitive ability, decision making, and verbal skills in his testing; however, he added mathematics, attention span, and processing skills. However, their purposes for intelligence testing were quite different from one another. Alfred
There are a slew of tests that attempt to measure how intelligent human beings are. They all measure different aspects and those factors will be covered here. One of the misconceptions is that the tests measure inborn intelligence. Few of the activities are designed for that purpose. They actually measure a person’s interaction with the environment and what they have learned from that interaction. The most common tested aspect is critical thinking. Instead of straightforward questions, intelligence tests offer questions with a twist. It is assumed that the most intelligent people will see obvious flaws in the obvious answers (Steinberg & Williams, 2015). Some intelligence tests also measure reflexes, both mental and physical. The assumption is quick reaction times reflect an active brain and in the line of thinking, a more intelligent person.
This paper discusses the pros and cons of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS-III). First, important definitional, theoretical issues, including the nature of intelligence, a brief history, and pros and cons are discussed. Next, the development, reliability, validity, and assets and limitations of the WAIS-III are examined. This is followed by discussion of the meaning of IQ scores, use of successive level interpretation and cautions and guidelines for administration. Last, subtests, assessing special population groups, short forms, profile forms, and what a
The WISC-IV is a test of cognitive abilities that measures four global areas and combines them to provide a full-scale intelligence quotient. The four areas include Verbal Comprehension, Perceptual Reasoning, Working Memory, and Processing Speed. The Full Scale IQ (FSIQ) is derived from a combination of ten subtest scores and is considered the most representative estimate of global intellectual functioning. The results of the current test conducted on Leo Marcelynas indicate that his Full Scale IQ (FSIQ) is 101. It can be stated with 95% confidence that Leo’s FSIQ falls between 96-106, indicating that he is functioning in the Normative Average Range of intellectual ability. Given the consistency among his scores on Verbal
Participants had to complete the Queendom Verbal IQ and Cultural-Fair IQ Tests, and the PSYGAT. All these three tests can be accessed through their Monash Blackboard site.
Binet was involved in creating one of the more recent forms of intelligence test, referred to as the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale. A similar test is that formulated by Wechsler (Neisser et al. 1996). These led to the measure of IQ (“intelligence quotient”) being founded, where an individual’s “mental age is divided by their chronological age and multiplied by 100” (Gardner 2006, p. 3). The tests measure intelligence through verbal and non-verbal tasks, assessing scholastic aptitude, school achievement and specific abilities (Neisser et al. 1996, p. 78).
“Blacks still score below 75 percent of American whites on most standardized tests” (Jencks and Phillips). The belief that intelligence and aptitude are innate seems to be especially important in discussions of racial differences (Jencks and Phillips 6). White Americans score closer on IQ tests to other white populations across the globe than to the worldwide black average (Saletan 1). An important question that may come to mind is whether intelligence tests biased. Intelligence tests are likely to be culturally biased when a standardized test reflects what is learned through experience in a culture that does not regard to another race as highly (Young). For instance, if a standardized test result represented an ingroup preference exclusively than it may only measure a specific part of intelligence; for example the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, WAIS, is more verbal while the Raven's Progressive Matrices, RPM, is more visual (Young). This may cause a majority of individuals with autism to do better on the RPM due to autistic students connecting with images rather than words. Young has stated that intelligence tests that only focus on certain neurological criterias and are not well indicators of intelligence due to it not equally indicating all types of intellect. Yet a majority of psychologists now agree that intelligence tests measure developed
Intelligence testing is rather arbitrary as people can have many kinds of intelligence strengths and it's difficult to assign a measure of intelligence without flaws in the system. Though there are attempts at keeping standardization and norms to keep results unbiased and consistent there are still failings, which the most viable of those failings is that with intelligence testing and capital punishment such as the case of Daryl Atkins. Atkins was tested at an intelligence quotient of 59, which is about half the average score of 100 ("Module 7.5: Measures of Intelligence"., n.d.). The original jury had sentenced a mentally impaired man to death until it was taken to the Supreme Court where they ruled that it would be a cruel and unusual punishment,
Intelligence tests are inaccurate to measures true ability of a person because genes affect how a person responds to their surroundings, the tests cannot measure the person biological makeup or his true potential for being “smart”.
There is a relationship between intelligence and culture because intelligence is culturally shaped and defined and some cultures support and identify it as very vital in the context of social and ecological aspects. In the early years, there was a bias towards intelligence tests because they used English language and culture. The formation of Wesler Adult Intelligence Scale, Fourth Addition (WAIS,IV) in 2008 by David Wesler was meant to minimise the bias. According to Westen, Burton and Kowalski (2006), intelligence assists human beings to take control of their lives and it varies cross culturally because the power dynamics differ in each society and this leads to differences in behaviour and line of thinking. These authors describe intelligence as multifaceted, functional and can be defined by culture because it is universal and studying intelligence using different culture as a sample that can be used to question Western ideas about intelligence with some emphasis on the assessment of skills and abilities using culturally appropriate methods (Benson, 2003)
Under the supervision of Dr. Jessie Miller, I was responsible for accurately scoring the new French Wechsler Intelligence Scale (WISC-V) and communicating with the families of patients to gather demographic information for the assessments. Throughout my time at Pearson, I also contributed ideas in the test verification process and ensured test examiners were properly administering the intelligence tests. While I’ve learnt a lot as an employee, I was always keen to return to the
The test doesn’t provide a accurate reading on how a person functions in everyday living and situations, it doesn’t capture ones social knowledge and creativity. It does not capture real life situations. The tests will not test for perception and it does not account for the individuals that may be abstract thinkers. I am very intelligent, but my IQ is around 90 which is average. The test doesn’t also take into consideration if the person happens to be dyslexic.
Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-IV; Wechsler, 1949). This seminal intelligence scale assesses a child 's general intellectual ability across four domains, producing four corresponding index scores: (1) the Verbal Comprehension Index (VCI), (2) the Visual Spatial Index (VSI), (3) the Working Memory Index (WMI), and finally (4) the Processing Speed Index (PSI). The VCI measures verbal concept formation, specifically assessing children 's ability to listen to a question, draw upon learned information from both formal and informal education, reason through an answer, and express their thoughts aloud. An example item from this index is similarities, vocabulary, and comprehension. Next, the VSI measures non-verbal and fluid reasoning and assesses children 's ability to examine a problem, draw upon visual-motor and visual-spatial skills, organize their thoughts, create solutions, and then test them. An example item from this index is solving a 3D puzzle. The WMI measures working memory and assesses children 's ability to memorize new information, hold it in short-term memory, concentrate, and manipulate that information to produce some result or reasoning processes; an example item would be letter-number sequencing. This measure is particularly important for higher-order thinking, learning, and achievement. Finally, the PSI measures the speed of information processing and assesses children 's abilities to focus attention and quickly scan, discriminate between, and
The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV) is a psychological test administered individually as a measure of cognitive ability for people in the age range of 16 to 90 years of age (Climie & Rostad, pp. 581-586, 2011). The administration of this assessment may be performed by trained technicians, however, the Administration and Scoring Manual states that it is imperative that all interpretation should be done by professionals to which have adequate training in and experience with standardized clinical instruments (Wechsler, 2008). The WAIS-IV was published by Pearson in 2008, and was meant to provide comprehensive and modified developmental norms, improve psychometric properties and clinical usefulness, and improve the easiness