The quality of qualitative research is of great importance because as the data obtained from the research can be used to form the basis in quantitative research. Several researchers have criticized the fact that qualitative research does not have a method that can be used to measure its quality. However, there are various concepts that can be used to measure the quality of qualitative research. These methods are the school of thoughts of Dixon-Woods et al. and the Lincoln et al. and the measurement of reliability, validity, and generalizability. According to various researches, these methods have been efficient in computing the quality of qualitative researches.
In retrospective, qualitative research is of great significance to quantitative research because it contributes to it and provides background for the research. It assists in giving information on psych-social aspects of patient care and the provision of health services (Taylor & Bogdan, 1984). Unlike quantitative research, qualitative research has been regularly critiqued for not having a technique that can be used to evaluate its quality. According to research, qualitative research quality can be measured using several concepts (Miles & Hagerman, 1994). Taylor & Bogdan (1984) has researched on some of the concepts which are school of thoughts given by Dixon-Woods et al. school of thought. Taylor & Bogdan, (1984) further states that the quality of qualitative research can be measured by determining the validity,
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This paper primarily concerns qualitative research, but we were asked to compare both qualitative and quantitative methods. During comparison, there are many noted differences in both study designs, but not many similarities. Qualitative research uses a subjective approach with a large sample population. It collects non-statistical data, using an unstructured or semi-structured technique (Nieswiadomy & Bailey, 2018). Quantitative research uses an objective approach and large, random, sampling to ask opinions in a structured way. The findings of quantitative studies are conclusive and used to recommend a final course of action (Nieswiadomy & Bailey, 2018). While it is hard to see similarities between the two, both methods aim to find a solution to a problem or question, the researcher doing the study may affect the outcome and an analysis of the collected data must be done (Souza, 2017). What many don’t realize is the connection amongst the two. You can say, both types of research build upon one another, meaning quantitative studies can quantify results found in qualitative research (Souza, 2017).
Qualitative research is subjective data and is often used in the social sciences (Sarantakos 2013, p. 48). Qualitative research is devoted to gathering facts, this can be completed through personal experiences, behaviours, and observations (Sarantakos 2013, p. 46). The purpose of qualitative research is to gather an in depth understanding of human behaviour and the explanations for the behaviour (Martijn & Sharpe 2006, p. 1). An issue with only using a qualitative method is efficacy, qualitative studies cannot address relationships between variables with the degree of accuracy that is required to establish social trends (Sarantakos 2013, p. 46).
The method of qualitative research become key method in the human and social science and also in the education and health science. The definition of qualitative research is a research using methods such as participant observation or case studies which result in a narrative, descriptive account of a setting or practice. Sociologists using these methods typically reject positivism and adopt a form of interpretive sociology (Parkinson & Drislane,2011). It involves the research using data that do not indicate ordinal values. Furthermore, qualitative research includes the different kinds of data collection, techniques of analysis and diversity of theoretical frameworks (Guest; Namey & Mitchell, 2013). According to Creswell(2013) ‘’the final written report or presentation includes the voices of participants, the reflexivity of the researcher, a complex description and interpretation of the problem, and its contribution to the literature or a call for change.
Within this assignment we are asked to identify if the research article that we choose for this unit is either a phenomenological approach or a generic qualitative approach was used, and then describe the physiognomies the evidence to support the identification. We then must explain and identify the main phenomenon that was under investigation in the research; describe the qualitative approach to analyzing the data in this study; describe what the data collection process as well as the role of the researcher; and evaluate the scientific merit of the selected approach. Next we will discuss how did the approach we used (either phenomenology or generic qualitative) help the researcher to answer the research question, and how differently might we have designed the research study differently?
When we look at the qualitative and quantitative research, the criteria seem to be lacking.The researchers who deal with qualitative techniques have applied the same criteria to measure the merit and the credibility of the researcher.When researcher see the concept of external validity that is used in the concerned with the generalization of the sample data collected from a population (Kirk & Miller, 1986).It is one of the keys of good quantitative research, and they are used to create and test the hypothesis.
The research began by Using the library database such as CINAHL, to six peer-reviewed research article, ensuring that they were both qualitative and Quantitative. Then the writer was given the opportunity to review one done by a quantitative and a qualitative method. The quantitative study
This paper involves the critical analysis of a quantitative study and qualitative study. The results, discussion and global issues are discussed here. The author tried to identify the validity and trustworthiness of the study by conducting the critique.
With reference to the world of psychology world, this article’s main focus is on how “good” qualitative research is recognized by psychologists. Twenty-two interviews were done on different psychologists. They were interviewed and asked about their expectations and common practices concerning qualitative research. All interviews were done in great depth for a better understanding of qualitative research methods. Experimental
· The research design for this study was qualitative. The information gathered was collected through the use of interviews and surveys. It is a qualitative research study because it “does not introduce treatments or manipulate variables, or impose the researcher’s operational definitions of variables on the participants” (PPA n/d). I was additionally directed at getting a better comprehension of the subject through first hand, truthful reporting.
In Validity, Trustworthiness, and Rigor, Rofle exemplifies how to analyze qualitative data in regards to science reports. Rofle describes that the guidelines for analyzing the credibility and information for qualitative research is not clear. Three positions have been made to induce how qualitative data should be analyzed: they want qualitative research to be evaluated as quantitative research, a opposed set of rules should be present, and there should be standard already predetermined. Rofle presumes to analyze the quality of qualitative research each individual research paper should be inspected independently.
The following paper will discuss the qualitative research, while describing its dimensions, basic concepts, methods and differences. First, it will portray the four dimensions of the qualitative research: positivism, postpositivism, constructivism and objectivism, which are divided into epistemological and ontological. Secondly, it will describe the definition and basic concepts of the qualitative research; and thirdly, it will represent the five methods possible while conducting a qualitative research: phenomenology, ethnography, action research, grounded theory, and case study. It will elaborate each method’s definition, distinctive features and data collection methods. In the end, it will present the differences between all above mentioned research methods.
In this articles critique, two articles are evaluated; one using qualitative and the second using quantitative research approaches. Particularly, it contrasts information gathered because of using the approaches, advantages and disadvantages of the two approaches and a response to the claim that qualitative research is not real science.
Tisdell (2000) conducted her study also using the qualiative research method. She used a 4.5 – 3 hour taped interview to gather data. The taped interviews were later transcribed for review and analysis. Tisdell’s (2000) study population consist of 46 participants from various ethnic backgrounds. Tisdell’s research study appeared to be theoretical with an intent to determine how the participants spirituality affected their chosen careers in education, in addition to, how they viewed knowledge and education. The vehicle which Tisdell (2000) used for data analysis was the “constant comparative method.” (Merriam, 5998). Riessman (5993) tells us that “Interviews are transcribed to best represent the dynamic nature of the living conversation.”
The purpose of research is to add substance to a body of knowledge. The success of the research may be misleading at times or may only add a conclusion to some extent. Knowing the structure of the research will help the researcher as well as the reader discover meaning. The qualitative research sets itself in the midst of an individuals or groups of objects or “stuff” to capture an overview of logical or explicit rules by an understanding of isolated themes about the themes (Miles, & Huberman, 1994). Qualitative research and analysis are conducted by using completed verses comprised of descriptive words to depict patterns, analyze, compare, or even contrast behaviors and or actions. Qualitative analysis equates to data simplification, data display, and verification of the data for a proper conclusion (Miles, & Huberman, 1994). While there is many ways in which qualitative data may be presented, the readers evaluation of this research is important. The use of a qualitative summarization check sheet may assist the reader in determining the value of the research by quickly assessing data extent with a qualitative result as seen in attachment 1 (Clark, & Creswell, 2010). The use of explicit and vivid wording assists the reader in evaluating qualitative research.
A general definition of research is the systematic investigation into and study of materials and sources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions. Research is an important part of many people’s lives both personally and professionally. What kind of car to buy? What are the most recent therapies to combat breast cancer? What is the best stock to invest in? Research needs to continually and systematically be conducted for society to move forward. Qualitative research is one type of research “that encompasses a number of philosophical orientations and approaches.” Early in the 20th century, scientists, such as anthropologists and sociologists went out into the world to ask the questions of how and why the societal and cultural world was the way that it was. Inquiry was done to better understand social phenomenon. As time went on, different professional fields such as education, law, health, and social work also embraced qualitative research. Today hundreds of books and journals exist on qualitative research, as well as various strategies, paradigms, and methods for conducting such research.