The Link Between Health and Socioeconomic, Environmental and Demographics Factors

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According to the World Health Organization (WHO, 1978), health can be defined not only in terms of absence of disease, injury or infirmity, but also, as a state of mental, physical and social well-being. Over the last decades, many studies have emphasized the role of social circumstances on health status. The tight link between health and a wide range of socioeconomic, environmental and demographics factors have been increasingly recognized and proffer an alternative perspective on how to consider public health, social justice and even restructuring of the health care system (Daniels et. al., 2004). The increasingly acknowledgement that health is also a result of cumulative experience of social conditions and exposure to environmental contexts throughout the life course, has been leading to a ‘renewed interest’ (Anand and Peter, 2004) and a growing concern for Global Organizations (World Bank and OECD ).

The socio-economic determinants of health have been researched extensively, and health inequalities arises as a remarkable implication, since there are consistent evidences indicating that people from less favorable socioeconomic groups are more likely to suffer from higher rates of illness and mortality than the better off (see Kaplan, 1996; Wagstaff, 2000; World Bank, 1997). Individual and household poverty has been consistently shown as a risk factor for asthma and respiratory infections (WHO, 2012), coronary heart disease (Hart,1997), diabetes (Risteet. al.…