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The Main Goals Of Phenomenology

Decent Essays
Phenomenology
A Phenomenological paradigm is a method of inquiry, associated with the German philosophers Edmund Husserl and Martin Heidegger. It attempts to capture the subjective experiences and interpretations as perceived by the participants or group of people in an unbiased manner. How they view and understand the world from their perspectives would be the focal point of the phenomenologists. Thus, the main goal of phenomenology is to understand the ‘life-world’ as viewed and experienced by the participants and requires the researchers to free themselves from any preconceptions and interferences. This method allows the researchers to understand the informants’ subjective world in their own terms and make them visible and true to the informants’
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An example would be a study on individual experiences being explored and discussed in a literary manner such as a researcher opting to report on the experiences and meaning of an international student studying in a university in Malaysia by collecting on what he/she attributes to the story using a combination of tools such as interviews, observations and other related documents. The researcher must create a close rapport and communication with the informant in the quest to capture the depth of the experiences, following a chronology of events, that may include information on facts, beliefs, attitudes and behaviours or processes. Generally, this approach is time-consuming and thus for student researchers only a few participants would be the case subjects. Basically, there are four possible types of narrative research, which are:
• Oral history that provides deep reflections of certain incidences or events analyzing relevant aspects such as the pros and cons, effects and problems.
• Autoethnography done through self reporting by the informants collected using mediums such as a journal, log or digital audio recording.
• Life history through the collection of records or historical documents of a
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