The Metaphysical Foundations Of God

1921 WordsMar 17, 20158 Pages
Although many versions of God exist, most of them follow the same formula. Namely, that God is a perfect, omniscient, omnibenevolent, omnipotent being. The existence of God has always been a hot topic of interest, particularly during medieval times. The existence of this perfect God however, poses a problem when considering evil. At first glance, it appears counterintuitive to believe in a world where a perfect being like God and an evil being like the Devil could coexist in the same reality. This idea seems contradictory and poses a problem to the metaphysical foundations of God. For if God is what we think He is, then how could such a perfect being allow evil to exist? This topic has been extensively studied throughout the ages and will be the object of focus in this essay. I will summarize some of the greatest solutions to this problem presented in medieval times. First, I will present Boethius’ argument of evil not existing but rather being an absence of existence—namely being an absence of goodness. Next, I will summarize Descartes’ argument of evil being necessary for God’s overall plans for a perfect universe. Then I will recapitulate Anselm’s argument that the capacity of evil is necessary for free will. Lastly, I will argue that God doesn’t allow evil to exist, rather we falsely conceive things to be evil when they are not. Like I mentioned before, there are many versions of God that vary from culture to culture. Some are depicted as a character while others are

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