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The Middle East: A Brief Overview Essay

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The Middle East is a region in Southwest Asia that includes the countries of Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, U.A.E., Kuwait, Iraq, Jordan, Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Cyprus, Turkey, Iran, and Afghanistan. The aspects that make up all that is geography in the Middle East include physical geography, economic geography, religion, and human history. The Middle East is known for its physical geography, being the largest area of dry climate in the world.
Southwest Asia is mostly desert and steppe climate because of subtropical high pressure over the area which keeps the region dry and the air warm. Some places around
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Commercial farming is found in a few places, mostly Israel, but is widespread only in Europe. In the Middle East, they grow barley and wheat, citrus fruits, olves, figs, nuts, and grapes. Livestock is also kept on these farms. On these private desert farms, the practice of irrigation was first developed centuries ago.
What does one think of when the Middle East? The popular answer is "oil." Oil is the region's richest mineral resource, and is found mainly along the shores of the Persian Gulf, and in Iraq. Since a lot of the world's oil comes from this region, those countries with abundant oil supplies joined together to create the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries to better control the world oil prices. But even with the great oil economy in other countries, Israel is the only developed country in the Middle East because of te lack of other resources in the area.
The historical geography of the Middle East is great, and here, in the wetter river valleys of the region, called the Fertile Crescent, the world's first civilzations arose in the area once known as Mesopatamia. The region has been known for many great contributions to the modern world, including the domestication of many common farm animals of today, writing, developed by ancient Sumerians, iron weapons from the Hittites, the first trading networks were formed by Phoenician merchants along
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