The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) is a psychological test that assesses personality traits and psychopathology. It is primarily intended to test people who are suspected of having mental health or other clinical issues. The substantive scale reveals that Mary has somatic complaints and emotional and interpersonal dysfunction. She likes to internalize her emotions that include self-doubt, stress and worry, anxiety and fears. Mary has several interpersonal difficulties showing from her results such as family problems, social avoidance, and social anxiety and feels uncomfortable at times with people being around her. She is currently being treated for obsessive compulsive disorder by her family doctor. The test reports that
The Minnesota Multiphase Personality Inventory 2 (MMPI-2) assessment is an updated version of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory to “revise and reword the language of some of the existing items that were dated, awkward or sexist” (Aiken & Groth-Marnat, 2006, p. 407). This assessment is used for a wide range of clinical conditions based on self-report. The MMPI-2 can also be used in nonclinical settings such as to “assess persons who are candidates for high-risk public safety positions and in criminal/civil forensic settings” (www.upress.umn.edu/test-division/mmpi-2). This assessment is concerned with “psychosomatic symptoms, attitudes, emotions, eating disorders, drug abuse, etc.” (Aiken & Groth-Marnat, 2006, pp. 405-407).
Assessment techniques and the techniques used are a part of every counselor’s career. It is important that all counselors are aware of the different assessment procedures available as well as the risks and benefits associated with them. I chose to assess the case of Jessica, a medical resident, who has a very high pace and stressful job. She is also a perfectionist and can be very self-critical. Lately, she feels that she is not performing at the level she once was. As a result, she has been experiencing feelings of shame and worthlessness. Jessica has also been increasingly fatigued yet is having difficulty falling asleep at night. She also admits having difficulty concentrating, little interest in sex and has become increasingly irritable
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is an evaluative personality tool that is widely used throughout the world today. It is important for a tool that is popularly utilized in a variety of fields and at numerous professional institutions worldwide to be a credible one. So, is the MBTI really the valid reliable personality inventory instrument it claims to be? Evaluating this tool will show that empirically sound evidence does not exist to support the MBTI as an accurate, reliable, or valid instrument for profiling one’s personality type.
The client was administered the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory- 2nd Edition-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) as an objective measure of their social-emotional and personality functioning. The scores are based on answers to a large number of true/false questions. Based on Mr. Cintron’s responses, this protocol was invalid and uninterpretable due to inconsistent responding. There was evidence of excessive inconsistency because of fixed true responding to the test item.
I found the MMPI-2 test to be the most interesting because it uses a system of checks and balances to rule out people who try to score a specific way. This test seems like an easy, fun questionnaire that could be found in magazines but it still has validity and can be used as a tool in diagnosing mental disorders. It has more structure and scientific backing than the Rorschach or the Five Factor Model. However, like all test the MMPI-2 is not perfect. The major limitation of the MMPI-2 is the socioeconomic and cultural discrepancy. Scores on specific portions of the test may differ significantly between economic classes and cultural groups. For example, someone may score higher on the Psychopathic Deviate portion because of the negative associations
What is personality? According to Barnard et al. (2015), personality refers to the intricate set of emotional and behavioral that tends to remains moderately as a person goes from situation to situation. There are words many words that are used to describe people with personality issues and psychological tests are used to measure delinquents and criminal behaviors. Clinical examinations have also been used to assess personality. “Personality inventory” has also been used for such function. The most commonly used personal inventory is the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI). The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory is consisting of 550 statements that were developed to assist psychiatric diagnosis. In a study conducted by Waldo and Dinitz, they found that 80% of the statistical difference between criminals and noncriminal. However other criminologists have argued that methodology used in personality to be ineffective. I agreed with the notion that methodology that studies attempting to examine the link between personality and crime have no merit in light of glaring
Personality theories, or models, are metaphors for describing something which is intrinsically indescribable, the human personality. Currently, one of the most popular approaches among psychologists for studying personality theory is the Five-Factor Model (FFM) or Big Five dimensions of personality. This essay will explore the 'Big Five ' personality constructs and seek to explain how useful they are to understanding how people are likely to perform in a work situation. In conclusion, this essay will also discuss some of the arguments against the relevance and accuracy of personality testing within the employment context.
The MMPI-2 is one of the best psychological tests to use because the validity scales are effective in identifying test-takers who may be faking
The five-factor model (FFM) is a contemporary construct describing personality. It incorporates five traits – openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness and neuroticism also referred to as OCEAN. Within each dimension, there are specific personality attributes, for example, openness includes subcategories of feelings and actions. The FFM was influenced by Cattell’s 16-factor model (1957) and shares traits with many other personality theories such as Eysenck’s PEN model. There has been an ongoing debate discussing how many factors appropriately represent the brain structure of personality, suggestions have varied from 2-7, recently Almagor et al. (1995) advocated that a 7-factor model unfolds when evaluative traits are involved. Costa & Mcrae (1992) claim that the FFM is the best theory of personality, however, the model has received much criticism. Through examining different aspects of the model its credibility can be explored.
If Amtrak and Metrolink want to use personality tests on their employees, the MMPI would be most effective. The positives of this test far outweigh the cons. The test examines everything about a person, from their self-esteem to emotions. It can also identify any signs of disorder in an individual. It is also widely used by many different companies to assess the success a person might have in a high-risk public safety position. The MMPI is widely considered to be the most reliable personality test. It dives much deeper into a person's psyche than any of its counterparts, like the Rorschach Test. The only downside to the MMPI is the amount of time it takes to complete. With 567 true-false questions, it can take a while to complete, but the information
The Myers-Briggs Personality Indicator test gave me the personality type “ENFJ.” ENFJ stands for “Extraverted, iNtuitive, Feeling, and Judging. While reading the information about my personality type, I understood a lot of what it was saying to me. Basically, I was being told that I am someone who cares deeply for other people. I have always been like that. I think it has something to do with how I was raised. Like some people, I was raised in the church, meaning I went to church, often, as a child. Every Sunday, my dad would drag me to church and make me sit and listen to the preacher preach. Even though I despised it, I feel like it has helped me to become the person I am today.
The Millon Clinical Multiaxial III (MCMI-III) is a frequently used self-report personality inventory (Magalhaes, Magalhaes, Noblitt, and Lewis, 2012). Millon theorized that certain personality prototypes are directly related to certain disorders. This test takes approximately 25 minutes to complete (Choca, & Widiger, 2001). This version does include an optional Correctional Report to be used with the inmate population. The MCMI-III is used to evaluate individuals for interpersonal, emotional, or behavioral difficulties (Millon et al., 1994). The Millon Clinical Multiaxial IV (MCMI-IV) was recently released, however due to lack of published studies it will not be utilized in this review (Millon et al. The MCMI-III is a widely utilized
The personality assessment inventory tests provide results on my individual personality, values, motivation, decision making, communication, team skills, conflict skills, organizational structure preference, and stress. These results are broken down briefly in three parts and do not include any personal speculation or analysis as to their meaning. The application of these results are further applied and explains how the results noted from the tests and in the first step will make me a better employee, co-worker, and manager within my organization. These tests mentioned above are applied in conjunction with particular examples on how I can achieve becoming a better employee, co-worker, and manager. An explanation of how my personality and experiences were affected by the Holy Spirit is also discussed. Particularly, how potential weaknesses have become strengths with the guidance of the Lord.