prophet is an old one. In the Greek religion there were prophets of Zeus, Apollo, and other gods. The Bible refers to prophets of Yahweh, Baal, and other regional deities. Christians refer to John the Baptist as a prophet of the Christian god, and Muslims refer to Muhammad as the Prophet, the last and greatest of the prophets of Allah. According to what the prophets did we can say that their main purpose was conveying religious guidance to people. But history has also shown that their role many times
Charles-Louis Montesquieu lived in 18th century France and became one of the most influential political philosophers due to his influence on the creation of American government. Throughout his lifetime, Montesquieu wrote several books addressing various political topics. One such book, Lettres Persanes, has presented a challenge for many who read it. The language itself is easily understood; however, the true quest has been uncovering the underlying theme unifying the individual letters.
The golden age of Islamic (and/or Muslim) art lasted from 750 to the 16th century, when ceramics, glass, metalwork, textiles, illuminated manuscripts, and woodwork flourished. Lustrous glazing was an Islamic contribution to ceramics. Islamic luster-painted ceramics were imitated by Italian potters during the Renaissance. Manuscript illumination developed into an important and greatly respected art, and portrait miniature painting flourished in Persia. Calligraphy, an essential aspect of written Arabic
beliefs practiced. The culture is heavily influenced by religion with over 99 percent of the population being Sunni Muslims. Algeria is a country of both traditional and modern Muslim cultures. There are often prevalent clashing cultural attributes that are both widely practiced within Algeria. This idea of cultural contrast can be seen in The Plague, written by the influential philosopher, Albert Camus. This philosophical fiction is set in the French-Algerian port city of Oran, sometime in the 1940s
and discoveries of great eastern empires such as the Greek, Roman and Byzantine. Arguably one of the most influential and historically significant empires to the development of Europe is the Islamic. Islam directly translates to “submission”. It is a monotheistic Abrahamic religion, as well as an empire, (which is focused in the Middle East and Northern Africa). Islam is currently the second most practiced religion globally. Throughout the Middles ages and the centuries leading up to them Islam was
In contrast, Architecture in Mycenae symbolized the militaristic and war-centered culture of the Mycenaean culture. Even though environment, politics, and culture had a significant role in Ancient and Medieval Architecture, religion was the most influential factor in Ancient and Medieval architecture. In Mesopotamia, the region in-between current day Iran, Iraq, and Syria, civilians were religious and believed in after life and greater beings. Civilizations, like the Sumerians, Assyrians
violence. Going further than the Almoravids, the Almohads were responsible for massacres and forced conversions of Jews and Christians alike, driving them into Christian Iberia. By 1200, the indigenous Christian inhabitants of al-Andalus had, for the most part, been forcibly converted or rooted out. The only Christians left in the area were prisoners of war, mercenaries, and merchants. To emphasize the severity of the treatment of the dhimmis by the Almohad rulers, in 1224, an Almohad chronicler, al-Marrakushi
Paper on Rumi’s thought: “Signs of the Unseen” & “Fundamentals of Rumi’s thoughts” Mevlana Jalal al- Din Rumi is one of the most influential Islamic mystics of all times. It is no surprise that even seven hundred years after his death; he remains to be the best selling poet in North America. His poetry reflects the teachings of Islam and his opinions on various matters such as faith, prayer, love, free will etc. are assembled in a book called “The signs of the Unseen”.
studies. From a young age, Maimonides’ father mentored him in the teachings of the Talmud, Torah, Jewish philosophy and secular sciences. His education in these areas would eventually fuel his writings. In 1148, when Maimonides was just 13, a Sunni Muslim Caliphate movement called the Almohades invaded Southern Spain, and he and his family were forced to flee their hometown. The Almohades invasion marked the end of the ‘Golden Age’ of Jewish culture in Spain, where although Jews were not fist class
There were three major Islamic Empires called the Ottoman, Safavid and Mughul. These Empires were alike in many ways, being Muslim. The Ottomans and Mughul’s viewed Iranians as cultural superiors. The Ottoman were inter-communal meaning they desired to have harmony between religious groups. This great empire is known as having one of the longest reigns, not breaking for 36 generations, was ruled by Suleyman the Magnificent. He was a fierce leader known for his brutality but effective ways. The