The Odyssey And Trojan Women

1684 Words7 Pages
HOMER AND EURIPIDES DEAL WITH THE SAME THEMES BUT IN DIFFERENT WAYS INTRO: Despite difference of around 400 years between them Greek poet Homer and tragedian playwright Euripides explore many of the same themes in their works the Odyssey and Trojan Women (written by each respectively). Both works are inspired by the events of 12th Century BCE Trojan War that Homer previously explored in the Iliad. The two examine the worth of cunning over brute strength, the dangers of temptation and the role of women in their respective time periods. Despite having extremely similar central ideas, the techniques employed by each are markedly different. These differences arise as the result of changes in socio-historical contexts and format of each work’s presentation, for example the critical shift of the 5th century which saw the rise of sophistry and a certain scepticism in regard to Athenian leadership and the very existence of the gods. PARA ONE: Socio-Historical Context Homer’s the Odyssey is an Epic poem written in the 8th Century BCE (the ‘dark ages’ of Greece / the geometric period). Euripides’ Trojan Women was written in 415 BCE, after the great plague of Athens and the rise of sophistry. Both were written in Mycenaean Greece, and inspired by events of the fabled 12th Century Trojan War. Homer’s purpose was to record the events, and provide entertainment for audiences in an oratory form. Euripides wrote a play, intended to be performed for Athenian men, in a competition.
Open Document