The Pros And Cons Of Community Violence

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Poor, urban youth’s exposure to community violence is widespread and prevalent. According to Ceballo, Dahl, Aretakis and Ramirez (2001), community violence exposure (CVE) encompasses both witnessing violence and being victimized by violence, such as home robbery, muggings, and being attacked with a knife. Ceballo et al. (2001) results indicate that a large proportion of elementary school children have experienced community violence. Out of 104 4th and 5th grade children, 32% have witness someone being stabbed, 52% have witnessed someone be wounded after a violent attack, and 44% reported being personally threatened with serious physical harm. In another study, 60% of 4,540 children that are under the age of 17 reported witnessing or being victimized by community violence at least once within the past year (Finkelhor, Turner, Ormrod, & Hamby, 2009). In the past year, children in this study experienced many forms of community violence, including physical assault (46.3%) and property victimization (24.6%). The interviews also revealed that 1 out of 10 of children said that the community violence they experienced resulted in a physical injury.
Community violence exposure is prevalent in many age groups. Lambert, Ialongo, Boyd, and Cooley’s (2005) study of 582 middle schoolers produced similar results of the prevalence of CVE through following up on the students in 6th, 7th, and 8th grade. In their 6th grade sample, students witnessed robbery (7.7%), someone being beaten (32%),

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