The Qajar Empire

2585 Words Nov 22nd, 2014 11 Pages
The Qajar empire, brought to power under Agha Mohammad Khan, became, and maintained its position as a major ruling strength in Persia between the years of 1795 and 1925. With the death of the final Zand dynasty ruler, Moḥammad Karīm Khān Zand, in 1779, Agha Mohammad Khan worked to unite the rest of the Qajar empire under him began to take his rise to power. This Turkmen group, ancestrally from present-day Azerbaijan, and it’s leader set out to reunify Iran under their rule, leaving a legacy that would live out the extent of the empire and find its way into modern day history books. The experiences, strength, drive, and ruthlessness of Agha Mohammad Khan aided to secure his long-sought rise to power as the undisputed Shah of Persia in the 1790’s, and set the stage for one of the longest lasting empires in modern day Iran.
Agha Mohammad Khan was a descendent of the ancestors of the Qajars, Fath Ali Khan of the Qajar Dynasty, and Fazl Ali Khan founder of the Qajar Qoyunlu Khans. Fath Ali Khan was executed by Ṭahmāsb II of the Ṣafawiyyān house and was thus succeeded in power by his eldest son Mohammad Hasan Khan. Moḥammad-Ḥasan Khan, chief of the Qavānlū (Qoyunlū) clan of the Qajars of Astarābād fathered his eldest son, Agha Mohammad Khan, later Shah of the Qajar Dynasty, born in about 1742.
In the early years of Agha Mohammad Khan’s life he was kept hidden among a commoner family. His father did not want Nader Shah of the ruling Afsharid Dynasty to discover the boy for…
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