The Relationship Between Stressful Socioeconomic Conditions and Substance Abuse

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I recently read a book by a famous rock star, documenting his battle with substance addiction; namely alcohol, cocaine, and heroin. According to this person, he believes that his childhood has played a major part in his addiction becoming so out of control. His father left when he was young, his mother passed him off to his grandparents when she would find a new guy to run off with, and even though his grandparents were very loving and supportive, he spend much of his childhood wondering why his mother didn't love him enough to have him with her all the time. He also bounced around from school to school in his childhood years, so making friends was hard, and he was made fun of frequently for being the new kid. All this combined led …show more content…

The Psychodynamic View suggests that those with substance abuse problems have strong dependency issues that can be traced to their early years. They also directly suggest that when parents fail to provide nurturance, love, and stability, which this can urge the child to find other means to provide these items as they grow. Drugs can provide a means for comfort, even if only temporary and they can provide a source of constant companionship in the mind of a substance abuser. In the case of this book, he describes drugs as being his way to stop thinking about his mother and father, and even though he did not like the anxiety and constant need for them, they were his "companion" and never let him down. The Cognitive Behavioral View suggests that operant conditioning may play a big role in addiction because the high produced by the substance, is what they continually seek, so they do it over and over, forming an addiction. Then, the more they abuse the substance, a tolerance occurs and they must use more and more to feel the high. The Cognitive Behavioral View also believes that those who abuse substances do it in an attempt to self-medicate when they feel tense. This is done possibly because they have not learned the correct way to de-stress without the mean of

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