The Rise Of The Umayyad Dynasty

1343 Words6 Pages
Praise be to Allah, the One who is in control of all things. History has learned us many lessons including the rise and fall of previous nations and leaders. This essay will pacifically explore the factors that lead to the fall of the Umayyad dynasty. The Umayyad dynasty ruled over the Islamic world for almost a century. They were the first dynasty to rule empire after the caliphate. During their rule they showed brutality and strength, so much so that one would think that they will never be overthrown. Before looking into the factors that lead to the collapse of the Umayyads, it is only fair to mention some of the contribution Umayyad dynasty made to the Islamic world not to give a misrepresentation of their rule. Amongst other contributions, the Umayyad’s promoted education by establishing educational centers; they also sponsored the ship building industry and established welfare programs for their citizens. They also expanded the footprint of the Islamic rule. We will now explore some the main factors that lead to the collapse of the Umayyad dynasty. Leadership Muawiya (RA), was the founder of this dynasty and was given leadership by Hasan Ibn Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA), he was the companion of the Prophet (pbuh). Muawiya transformed the Islamic rule into a monarchy; however, he continued to establish Islamic traditions and Sharia rulings. His successors Yazid ibn Muawiya failed to uphold this tradition. At the beginning of the dynasty there was division amongst the people
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