This report will compare and contrast the characteristics and roles of nitrogen dioxide and carbon monoxide in the atmosphere and their relation to human activity and health. Three main missions, Ozone Monitoring Instrument, Measurement of Pollution in the Troposphere, and Atmosphere Infrared Sounder, pertinent to this study are included. These missions are also compared and contrasted to each other, similar to the two gasses that are the focus of this report. Concerning the gasses, NO2 will be thoroughly discussed. What it is, how it forms and its relation to human activity are also encompassed. In addition to this topics, whether or not NO2’s effects are local and global and the reason it is being studied are conversed. The topics …show more content…
Ozone Monitoring Instrument, or OMI, is a mission formed in coalition with the Netherland’s Agency for Agency for Aerospace Programs, or NIVR, and Finnish Meteorological Institute, FMI to help with the EOS Aura mission. It will aid in recording total ozone measurements and other fields related to this topic. The instruments employed on OMI consist of hyperspectral imaging in a push-broom mode to observe the solar backscatter radiation. This hyperspectral component greatly strengthens the accuracy and precision of the ozone data collected. It also allows for pinpoint radiometric and wavelength auto-calibration over the mission timeline. The Earth, as a whole, will be viewed using 740 wavelength bands with a swath that is large enough to gain full coverage in 14 orbits, or one day (Dunbar, 2005).
Measurement of Pollution in the Troposphere (MOPITT) is an instrument designed to observe the lower atmosphere and observe how it interacts with the hydrosphere, biosphere, and geosphere. It focuses specifically on carbon monoxide and methane in the troposphere, the sinks, sources, transport, and distribution. It can measure the concentration of carbon monoxide and methane from a vertical column of 5 km. This allows MOPITT to track the origin of the gas. MOPITT is the first satellite sensor to utilize has correlation spectroscopy. These sensors detect produced and reflected
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By definition; love is a profoundly tender, passionate affection for another person. Love can be interrupted in many ways. Were we ever taught love or is it just a natural feeling towards a person? Some say you'll know the meaning of love when you fall in love, yet some don't believe in love at all.
Title: Compare-Contrast Essay In twenty first century communication is very important aspect to humans. People have to talk the way listeners like. When there is male and female working together, there always occurs a problem of communication. Men like to talk about one topic whereas women like to talk about different topic. This problem commonly occurs in newlyweds. The husband thinks that his wife is so over caring, on the other hand the wife thinks that her husband is not emotional. This problem occurs because both men and women have different types of talking styles, different ways of thinking, and different point of views. I am reading two articles based on this problem. One of them is “His Talk, Her Talk” by Joyce
In the essays A Web of Brands and Live Free and Starve by Naomi Klein and Chitra Divakaruni, both authors express the different aspects and their opinions of globalization. Naomi Klein focuses on the effects of globalization. In A Web of Brands, Klein looks at how the changes of the garment industry in Toronto connect to the factories of Jakarta, Indonesia. Chitra Divakaruni argues that the United States attempts to stop the practices of indentures, would have terrible consequences even though the efforts are well intended.
The fascination of Marilyn Monroe and Audrey Hepburn still stays strong to this day. We often find ourselves loving the idea of these two flawless icons. Everyone wanted to be them then, and it is still true today. They were two major icons in the 1950’s. They were two beautiful, inspirational women. Marilyn Monroe and Audrey Hepburn really did live the lifestyles of the rich and the famous. Most people only see the similarities, but in fact, they are more different than some may think.
A vignette from The House on Mango Street, "Those Who Don't," by Sandra Cisneros, the poem "My Parents Kept Me from Children Who Were Rough," by Stephen Spender, and another poem "We Real Cool," by Gwendolyn Brooks share many similarities and differences. These three pieces of literature talk about racism and rough children. "Those Who Don't" is about racism and how people think about others without getting to know them. "My Parents Kept Me from Children Who Were Rough" explains how a good child wants to be like other children who are bad. "We Real Cool" talks about pool players who are bad. These pieces of literature compare and contrast between figurative language, point of view, and theme.
Within the first two months after the removal of cars, there air quality in the surrounding areas actually deteriorated because of the changing of weather (Pluske) However, after one year of the car removal, air pollution within the road closure significantly decreased and Nuremberg had a decrease of Nitrous Oxide by over 30% because of the elimination of cars. This can be directly seen in the figure below. The figure describes the change of spatial air structure of NO2 from the 1980s to the late 1990’s where the upwind pushes the air out of the city and then circulates back to the city. From the years of 1981-1985 which was before the removal of cars, the nitrous oxide was in the form of a bell shape curve where the pollution reached a peak percentage in the middle of the city, however, after the removal of cars it can be seen that there is a downward trend of nitrious oxide within the area and in the
Examples of greenhouse gases include carbon derivatives such as carbon dioxide (CO2) and monoxide gases (CO). According to Collins, other greenhouse gases are the derivatives of sulfur which include sulfur dioxide(SO4) and sulfur monoxide (SO2) (36). Collin’s work is relevant to the discourse since it focuses on hurricanes in reference to climate change. Given his knowledge on the topic, his knowledge on the occurrence of hurricanes cannot be overlooked. As Collins notes, these gases come from increased human activities which lead to the consumption of fossil fuels. For instance, the burning of fossil fuels such as coal and petroleum leads to the production of carbon monoxide and dioxide. Mostly, these gases are released from industrial and commercial activities. On the other hand, the gas derivatives of sulfur are often released from activities such as the use of fertilizers. In all these cases, their concentration in the earth’s atmosphere is
According to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the global temperature has risen about two degrees Fahrenheit since the late nineteenth century (“Climate”). Scientists define climate change as the escalation of the earth’s average temperature by natural causes or human inducement. As gases in the earth’s atmosphere increase, earth’s temperature follows coherently. Scientists cite a correlation between the earth’s increasing temperature and gases such as carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, methane, and chlorofluorocarbons in the atmosphere. Scientists have found that through human activity these gases show an increase. The upsurge of gases has a lasting effect on the environment: “Scientists warn of the loss of ecosystems and
Air, is one of the most substantial source to mankind and our planet. While it exists, so does everything else along. However, in today’s epidemic, there has been certain factors that have increased in understanding whether the air we breathe today is healthy or not? Is it doing more harm than we thought? In other words, the health risks against air pollution have risen in the past few decades; all from what you may ask? Well, it could be for various factors and evaluations; either environmental or materialistic. Pollution is a major public health crisis in the world. (Friis, 2012). This is one of the conflicts that contribute to various aspects of an individual’s life, whether they may realize it or not. In this paper will include the sources that cause pollution with the effects it cause as well as policies on the regulation of air pollution.
The sulfur dioxide was regarded as the acknowledged toxic gas, and is also one of main factors for acid rain. Due to its severe toxicity, the major pollution incidents have even happened in human beings’ history. During 1st December and 15th December 1930, the toxic gases including the sulfur dioxide caused great loss for Meuse Valley in Belgium. The toxic gases led to thousands of people in the industrial zone of Meuse Valley were catched with respiratory diseases, and “nearly 63 people were dead within a week”. ( Benery B, HoetPH, Nemmar A. 2001) Additionally, many livestocks also could not survived and died of the toxic gases. In the incident, the mixture of SO2 and SO3 were the main dioxide smog.
As the scientific reports that the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has increased by 30% , although the concentration of methane has doubled and the concentration of nitrous oxide has increased about 15% which has increased the retention of heat in the Earth's atmosphere and in spite of the presence of Aloarozolat one of the air pollutants It helps in reducing the temperature of the atmosphere through the reversible light to the upper atmosphere , but Omar
"National Geographic: Eye in the Sky--ozone, Pollution." National Geographic: Eye in the Sky--ozone, Pollution. National Geographic, n.d. Web. 22 Oct. 2017.
Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC’s): CFC’s are lowering the average concentration of ozone in the stratosphere. “Since 1978 the use of CFC’s in aerosol cans has been banned in the United States, Canada and most Scandinavian countries. Aerosols are still used around the world and accounts for 25% of global CFC’s use”. (Miller 448). Spray cans discarded or leaking refrigerator and air conditioning equipment and the burning plastic foam products release the CFC’s into the atmosphere. Depending on the type, CFC’s stay in the atmosphere from 22 to 111 years.” Chlorofluorocarbons move up to the stratosphere gradually over several decades. Under high energy ultra violet (UV) radiation break them down and release chlorine atoms, which speed up the breakdown of ozone (O3) into oxygen (O2). Chlorofluorocarbons, also known as Freons, are green house gas that contributes to global warming. Photochemical air pollution is commonly referred to as “smog”. Smog is the contraction of the words smoke and fog, smog has been caused by water condensing on smoke particles, usually from burning coal. With the introduction of petroleum to replace coal economies in countries, photochemical smog has become predominant in many cities, which are located in sunny warm and dry climates with many motor vehicles. The worst episodes of