The Role Of The Post Colonial State And Its Impact On The Legal Rights Of Nigerian Citizens

2269 WordsMay 2, 201610 Pages
Stephanie Diaz PLSC 228 3/25/16 Prof. Bappa Nigeria’s Humanitarian Crisis Despite being one of the richest countries in Africa due to their geological advantage of supplying excessive gas and oil, Nigeria faces severe human rights challenges. This is primarily due to the inefficient and unjust response to the mass violence prevalent in that country. In this paper, I will examine two aspects of this issue. First, I will examine the nature of the post-colonial state and its impact on the legal rights of Nigerian citizens. Secondly, I will outline the two sources of human rights violations that are most significant: the response of the government to threats to its territorial integrity and the persistence of intra-ethnic violence. One source of human rights violations is the unjust government response to internal security threats from terrorist groups like Boko Haram. The government’s focus on territorial protection as opposed to protecting and aiding the Nigerian people who are experiencing the brutal attacks from Boko Haram has contributed to the deterioration of the human rights situation. For, Nigeria has been at war with Boko Haram for years. Secondly, disagreements among ethnic groups who seek “power, access to land between nomadic pastoralists and farming communities” also threatens the rights of Nigerians. The Nigerian government have been experiencing fluctuations between militaristic and civilian rule. During their militaristic period, they have been known to be

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