`` The Shallows `` By Nicholas Carr

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In his book "The Shallows," Nicholas Carr claims, “With the exception of alphabets and number systems, the Net may well be the single most powerful mind-altering technology that has ever come into general use. At the very least, it’s the most powerful that has come along since the book” (Carr, 118). Carr supports this claim through examining other early inventions of man, such as the book, and using other 's opinions and evidence to prove the Net can alter the mind. The author suggests that because of this new mind-altering technology, we are in a modern renaissance. Carr establishes a cautionary tone for his audience, anyone who does and will use the Net, to raise awareness of how the Internet is refining people 's minds.
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Although maps and clocks were huge game changers, the invention of the book was most likely the greatest of the three. When books were introduced, this led people to not only wanting to read, but needing to read. Books were becoming for more personal improvement than anything. “The accomplished reader, Maryanne Wolf explains, develops specialized brain regions geared to the rapid deciphering of text.” (Carr 63) This meaning people were becoming more attentive. They were able to concentrate on one thing at a time. And although this development was not simple or quick, it was very useful for the mind. People were also realizing this change as it happened in mass. “The medieval bishop of Isaac of Syria described how, whenever he read to himself, ‘as in a dream, I enter a state when my sense and thoughts are concentrated.’” (Carr 65)
Books also had social consequences. The ideas of nature and education had changed. Books suggested more private reading while universities and cities began to think of libraries as more important. While the printing press made books available for almost everyone, the public’s aspiration for literacy skyrocketed. But with easier access to printing, this led to more propaganda, gutter journalism, and quack theories to longing buyers. Books had become the center change for humanity. As books became the primary means of exchanging knowledge and

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