The State And State Sovereignty

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Introduction This paper discusses the crucial issue of electoral systems and their peculiar utility to the effective representation in the national legislature (and even the executive) of the diverse interests within the state. This discussion is in no way novel as it has been one of the most age-old and fundamental questions in the study of politics. Controversially, it can be said that before the question of how the state and state sovereignty (popularly led by John Locke and Thomas Hobbes) gained traction, the question of who must govern the state and how that governor must be chosen had already enjoyed some dissection. Plato’s classical concept of the Philosopher King for instance, buttresses the latter assertion. To Plato, the reins of supreme power in the state had to be given to an authority that wielded an appreciable grasp of philosophy. To him, if a state wanted to choose a leader that could best ensure the wellbeing of all, that person must be a philosopher as the philosopher would know the interests of the people and pursue it accordingly. Plato also suggested that the Philosopher King had to surround himself with wise men for the purposes of seeking counsel. Aristotle criticized Plato’s theory and doubted that it was viable for one man to know of the interests of all and also to be entrusted with so much power but would not abuse it. This conversation that began thousands of years ago has recorded succinct inputs from many other thinkers and scholars. In

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