The Stranger By Albert Camus Sparknotes

Decent Essays

The Stranger by Albert Camus. Copyright 1988 by Alfred A. Knopf, Inc.

Biography and Context
Initially, Albert Camus lived with his deaf mother after his father died. From years 1913 to 1943, he lived in Algeria much like Meursault. His grandmother tried to make him get a job but he wanted to get an education. In 1930, he graduated with a major in Philosophy then he went to the University of Algiers to help his career in publishing. His literary works, The Stranger and “The Myth of Sisyphus”, display a fascination in the philosophy of Existentialism. He joined the Algerian People’s Party to resist French colonization and to liberate the Algerians. His perspective on French colonization is evident in The Stranger when he did not give the Arab …show more content…

The first chapter includes an Arab nurse described to have physical deformities, like the abscess wrapped in bandages and an absent nose. Furthermore, Raymond’s girlfriend faced physical abuse routinely. The police officer seemed to have completely dismissed her, while her abuser avoided consequences. The Arab that Meursault murdered seemed insignificant since he lacked a physical description and the lawyer seemed to think he’d win. I conclude that these issues in the book reflect real life, discriminatory conflicts in that current Algerian society. I think that Camus purposely left these Arab characters nameless to convey the bias towards the Arabs in French colonized Algerian society. Camus’ sentiments towards French colonization is similar to the international moods of many subjugated nations at the time, since this book was written during a great decolonization …show more content…

This definition characterizes existentialist philosophy since it signifies free will.

Literary Devices
1 Camus artfully uses a simile in describing the killing of the Arab. He compares it with “knocking four quick times on the door of unhappiness.” This quote also displays verbal irony because Meursault wasn't all that unhappy in prison, he was content.
2 The sun symbolizes Meursault’s primitive consciousness. The glare of the sun provokes the desire of lust in Meursault during his day at the beach with Marie. Heat is always present in significant events in the book because it reminds the reader that Meursault is only an animal with baser needs
3 There is vivid imagery in The Stranger to express a person’s train of thought and what Meursault is thinking. The “blood-red earth spilling over Maman’s casket” is an example of how Camus wanted to create an experience of Meursault’s present.
4 The analogy of living “in the trunk of a dead tree” and getting used to it portrays the existentialist ideology because it shows that Meursault has the freedom to think and to choose to to be

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