The Theory Of Scientific Management

956 Words Nov 20th, 2015 4 Pages
3. Scientific Management

It is necessary to understand where the organization of work is headed. Through specialization, subordinate can upgrade their abilities or professions and there was a concerted effort to identify key aspects of work and organization which could be used to achieve efficiency through immutable principles. Taylor thinks management should merge with science to enhance the effectiveness.

3.1 Taylorism by Fred W. Taylor (1856-1915)

Taylor’s scientific management theory suggests the idea of ‘one right way’ to manage an organization, which is the best way for worker to achieve their own duties by providing them proper tools and training. The old saying goes, ‘Practice Makes Perfect’, the concept suggests organization to industrialized, standardized mass production, so uncomplicated work do not need skilled workers, they can learn faster, perform better and speed up when they get more familiar with their work. Such pattern of work can achieve the economies of scale, provide affordable for average customers. He broke down the whole work into individual motion and analyze the each part of work to have a clear division of task and responsibilities, then timed and selected the right worker to do particular part of work, following a machinelike routine in order to enhance the productivity.

3.2 Fordism by Henry Ford (1863-1947)

Ford’s scientific management theory is a system about production, consumption and based on Taylorist principles, it introduced a new…
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