The Trouble with Violence in Northern Ireland Essay

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In the past century we have experienced a vast majority of violent acts towards minority groups such as blacks, Jews, homosexuals and others. According to BBC the Troubles of Northern Ireland represent one of the latest examples of religious, ethnic, geographic and political conflict. The Troubles started in the late 1960s and it is considered by many to have ended with the Belfast Good Friday Agreement of 1998. After more than 30 years of civil conflict, peace had finally been achieved. However, random violence acts have continued since then. How did the Belfast Good Friday Agreement end the Troubles in Northern Ireland and how is the country today? The island was divided into Northern Ireland and The Republic of Ireland in the 1920s.…show more content…
The IRA targeted soldiers and policemen, but while doing so they killed civilians. To keep them apart, the capital, Belfast transformed into a war zone, and walls were built to prevent the groups from attacking each other. For many years Belfast was known as “the Barricaded city”. Protestants also formed groups, which carried out attacks against Catholics. In the 1970s and 1980s, approximately 3,000 people were killed, with many more injured. Despite the Protestants majority, the creation of Northern Ireland did not bring security to them because it was clear that London was never as committed to the Union as the Protestants were. The Protestant leaders assumed that the new state could only exist if they had the power therefore they made sure that their power should be both strong and permanent. As result they changed the voting system and the electoral boundaries (gerrymandering). Nationalists and Catholics were considered as second-class citizens, and dangerous to the state. They were seen with being less deserving of jobs and houses than their Protestant neighbors, they were discriminated in the public service, in education as well. The representatives of Nationalists and Catholics were also banned from political power and influence. In addition to being discriminated they were also complaining to the government because of the use of special powers against republicans.
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