The Wireless Sensor Networks Protocols And Present A Classification And Comparison Of Routing Protocols

1810 Words Oct 21st, 2015 8 Pages
Abstract: We analyze the wireless sensor networks protocols and present a classification and comparison of routing protocols. Several routing protocols have been projected to maximize the sensor networks life span. Nevertheless, most of these solutions attempt to determine an energy efficient path and don’t account for energy consumption balancing in sensor network. This frequently leads to network partitioning. The aim of this paper is to evaluate, analyze and compare three routing protocols (LEACH, CBR and MBC) that balance energy consumption, through a mathematical model and simulations. This paper will present a performance comparison of protocols LEACH, CBR and MBC based on parameters such as packet loss, average energy consumption, average control overhead, and better adaptivity to a mobile environment by using the NS-2 simulator.

Keywords: LEACH, CBR, MBC, WSN PROTOCOLS.

Introduction:
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN): A wireless sensor network (WSN) (at times called a wireless sensor and actor network (WSAN)) are spatially distributed autonomous sensors to monitor physical or environmental conditions, such as temperature, sound, pressure, etc. and to cooperatively pass their data through the network to a main location.

Components of WSN:
• Sensor: It is a transducer that converts physical phenomenon e.g. heat, light, motion, vibration, and sound into electrical signals.
• Sensor node: It is the basic unit in sensor network that contains on-board sensors,…
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