Theoretical Perspectives Curriculum

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Learning theories are used to develop curriculums that explain learning models used in education. These models help simplify education from the earliest stages of childhood through formal education. This paper will explore the learning theories and how they can be applied in developing a curriculum for learning and teaching language. The curriculum will include the epistemology, motivation, and methods of learning
Jean Piaget and John Dewey helped develop the theory of Cognitive Development. According to them, cognitive development constitutes the sensor motor stage and helps children grow their interaction through this development. For instance when a child understands about objects he/she will easily
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F. Skinner: the theory emphasizes of the "nurture" part of language. According to Skinner, nurture helps in building responses around stimuli as well as other reinforcements (McCaslin & Good 1996, p. 67). For instance learning speech and phrases in language development is one of the basic examples of behaviorist approaches to language development. The main point underlying this approach is conditioning that a child’s mind goes through in the process of learning.
This theory emphasizes on the overt way of learning where observation and empiricism play a big role. Teachers should therefore be certain to evaluate the changes in the behavior of the learner and relate them to language development.
Learning is mainly affected by external factors. Teachers are therefore encouraged to reward children when they make progress in language development.
Method of learning
Stimulus is needed for language mastery to take place in children. Teachers are therefore expected to identify goals and the stimuli that will help children achieve them to improve their language skills (McCaslin & Good 1996, p. 70). For example, pigeons can learn to press bars that will lead to dropping of food to a dish, children can also use a food or drink dispenser machine with automatic voice recording that gives instructions about the action that it will take once a child presses the button.

The theory was developed by Jerome
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