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Theories Of Jerome Bruner's Theory

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Theorist, Jerome Bruner was one of the 20th century’s most influential educational psychologists. Here, his theories he wrote about the process of pedagogy. His theory of instruction describes the key components of curriculum; its sequence of activities in which learners become self-sufficient problem-solver. (Bruner, 1966) avers that, “a theory of instruction is prescriptive in that it sets forth rules concerning the most effective way of teaching knowledge or skills. It also sets up criteria and states the condition for meeting them. Instruction, he further put forward is an effort to assist or shape growth with improving rather than describing learning”. In essence, it is concerned with how what one desires of teaching can be best learnt.…show more content…
The crux of the matter is that the learner selects and transforms information; they make appropriate decisions, postulate hypotheses relying on a cognitive structure to do so; which affords individual the opportunity to "go beyond the information given".
Bruner (1966) posits that a theory of instruction should address four major aspects: predisposition towards learning, structure and form of knowledge, sequence of knowledge, and nature and pacing of rewards and punishments.
According to Bruner, as cited in (Young, 2009) the learner’s environmental experiences should foster a predisposition to learn. Motivation, personal factors and culture may affect learner’s predisposition to learning. In addition, he is believes the best motivation is for learners to be confronted with problems that will arouse curiosity and uncertainty. The onus is therefore on the facilitator to motivate, pique and maintain students’ interest. In addition, the structure and form of knowledge should also be
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