Three Theoretical Approaches to Conselling

2755 Words Feb 21st, 2018 11 Pages
Underlying assumptions
Psychoanalysis assumes behaviours we display when we are adults are rooted in our childhood experiences and CBT assumes behaviour as a learned response. Psychoanalysis links childhood event and associated feelings to current problems which is similar to CBT where many of client’s schemas were created when he was very young and usually stems from childhood too. However, despite the similarity of involving childhood experiences, psychoanalysis sees an individual as being driven by unconscious urges but CBT sees an individual’s behaviour as a learned response. Person centered differs from the previous two theories and it assumes clients as previously not being able to have self actualised. It does not necessarily view an individual as a product of their past experiences.
CBT assumes that the way we feel and behave is determined by how we perceive and structure our experience, whereas person centered therapy assumes client had various experiences and a personality is developed as a result of the previous subjective experiences.
Freud’s structural model assumes that human psyche is created via the interaction of id, ego and superego. It also assumes that we are driven by internal biological sexual (Eros) and aggressive (Thanatos) drives. It is similar to Person centered such that the latter…
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