Tragedy of the Commons Essays

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Garrett Hardin’s article “The Tragedy of the Commons” illustrates the continuing problem of the commons. The article clearly illustrates the effects of the exponentially increasing population such as pollution and food. Possible solutions to the problems are stated in the article, but any and all solution will be difficult to accomplish and may not be effective because of man’s sense of freedom and selfishness.
The commons is an area of land that belongs to the public as opposed to being owned by individuals, which is private property. Garrett Hardin describes the ‘tragedy of commons’ as a population problem and individuals over-exploiting a commons for their own personal gain. He discusses the over-exploitation of resources, and
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Even with all of these negative aspects of over-grazing, farmers still choose to do so to gain a better profit.
Pollution is a constant problem that the world faces; Garrett blames the majority of the pollution problems on the population aspect of the ‘tragedy of commons’. One of the main problems with pollution is treatment. Many companies find it too expensive to treat their waste and so many harmful chemical gasses, and other harmful wastes are released into the air, which can potentially get into the water. This is problematic because it is the air we breathe in and the water we drink and use day to day. Spending the money to treat the waste reducing these harmful effects is overlooked causing the public to suffer the consequences because of companies concerns with their own gains.
In the article “Why the BP Oil Spill is a Tragedy of the Commons, Part II”, Andy Mannle discusses the 2010 oil spill crisis in the Gulf that effected and effects many companies and people. Mannle points out in the first part of his article that these companies are earning large amounts of money in drilling and selling oil; however, there were no crisis plans or funds collected in case of emergencies. The funds would usually come from paying lands fees for example, but these companies are drilling for free: they are not being charged to drill oil in the specific areas; therefore, if something goes wrong it would cost

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