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True Or False Perceptions: Merleau-Ponty

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Merleau-Ponty explains that attention itself does not create any perceptions, but may be directed toward any aspect of a perceptual field. Attention can enable conscious perceptions to be structured by reflecting upon them.

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Perceptions can be true or false. An illusion at its core is a false perception, or a perception of something in an unreal way.

Merleau-Ponty argues that both appearance and reality are phenomena of consciousness. Appearances can be either true or false, and not necessarily the same as reality.

The false appearance of a perceptual object may conceal its true reality. However, the actual appearance of a perceptual object may also manifest the object’s true reality.
Which
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