Two Models Of Democracy, Majoritarian And Consensual

1204 Words Dec 15th, 2016 5 Pages
Lijphart is known for his creation of the concept of the two models of democracy; Majoritarian and Consensual. Majoritarian or Westminster democracy, is defined by ten characteristics. First, it has a concentration of executive power, basically, it has a single party majority cabinet or minimum winning coalitions. Second, the executive dominates the legislature, an example is in some systems ninety per cent of the passed legislature is proposed by the executive and vise versa. Third, it consists of a two-party system, which means that there are usually only two true parties that are potential rulers. Fourth, is the majoritarian or disproportional electoral system; a system that usually has disproportionate outcomes. Fifth, pluralist interest groups thrive in these systems; group openly support and compete for influence. Sixth, this system is run in a unitary and centralized government. Seventh, Unicameralism is concept to this system. Eighth, having a flexible and easily amended constitution is another point showing you are in a majoritarian system. Ninth, having a sovereign legislature that is free of judicial review. And lastly, having a central bank that is dependent on the executive. These ten characteristics makes up a majoritarian system. France is an example of a country that follows some of Lijphart’s majoritarian democracy model. France is an interesting example of Lijphart’s model because of how it closely follows the characteristic Lijphart sets out for his…
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