A Vaccine is defined as, “A substance used to stimulate the production of antibodies and provide immunity against one or several diseases, prepared from the causative agent of a disease. Its products treated to act as an antigen without inducing the disease.” Vaccines have been around for hundreds of years. It is believed that the first unofficial vaccine was created in 1661 by a Chinese Emperor. Throughout the years, vaccines have become more advanced. For example, in 1955, public vaccination for Polio began and Jonas Salk and Albert Sabin found two different vaccines to fight this disease. Vaccines are very important in the world, yet many people have little knowledge about them. In today’s society, we have many different vaccines that hold great importance, though there many pros, there are still some cons still not worked out.
Ever since vaccines were created, many diseases have been cured, and millions of lives have been saved. Some of the major diseases that vaccines work to prevent are; Smallpox, Diphtheria, Whooping cough, Measles, Neonatal tetanus, Hepatitis B, Tuberculosis, and Polio (Vaccines Bring 7 Diseases Under Control, 2016). These immunizations have been able to save about 9 million lives a year worldwide. The only disease that has been fully eradicated by vaccines so far is Smallpox. Just because Smallpox is the only disease that is gone completely, does not mean that other disease will not soon follow. It is predicted that Polio could be the next disease
Vaccines are one of the most unknown topics for people. They inject their body with chemicals without regard to what is going into their body and how it is affecting it. I, also, am guilty of doing this. To remove my ignorance and inform others, I am going to research more on this topic. By writing this paper, I am hoping to shed more light on this unfamiliar concept.
Vaccines have been used to prevent diseases for centuries, and have saved countless lives of children and adults. The smallpox vaccine was invented as early as 1796, and since then the use of vaccines has continued to protect us from countless life threatening diseases such as polio, measles, and pertussis. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2010) assures that vaccines are extensively tested by scientist to make sure they are effective and safe, and must receive the approval of the Food and Drug Administration before being used. “Perhaps the greatest success story in public health is the reduction of infectious diseases due to the use of vaccines” (CDC, 2010). Routine immunization has eliminated smallpox from the globe and
What are vaccines? The Immunization Partnership, in a lighter tone, claims that “vaccines perform a Jedi mind trick on your body.” (TIP Talk!, N.p.) For example, the influenza vaccine contains dead flu virus cells to teach our body how to fight off the flu when a human is exposed to it. This makes it so our body can successfully, or lessen the effects, of the flu if attained. As of 2016, according to Monica with the Pew research center, “Only three states – Mississippi, West Virginia and now California – do not allow religious or personal exemptions to vaccines.” (Anderson, N.p.) The first vaccine was around 1879. It was created by a man known as Louis Pasteur. In a chart provided by Immunize.org, “1879- Louis Pasteur created the first live attenuated bacterial vaccine (chicken cholera)” (Vaccine Timeline, N.p.)
Vaccines have the potential to eradicate diseases. Vaccines completely destroyed smallpox in the United States. The last case of smallpox in the United States was in 1948. The author quotes the UNICEF who states, “There were 500 cases of polio in 2014 worldwide, down from 350,000
Illnesses and diseases continue to develop and spread constantly throughout the world. These harmful viruses have always had a huge impact on humanity. Viruses caused many deaths and outbreaks in the past and present because viruses can be passed on easily. Luckily today there is a way to prevent the spread of these viruses, which is vaccines. Vaccines are used to provide immunity against diseases. Once vaccines were introduced there were a lot of speculations and assumptions. There are many people who are for and against vaccines, but today there are many health professional, experts, doctors, and parents who believe that vaccination is a lifesaver. Vaccination is a controversial topic for many parents and guardians of children. Vaccines
Every year, more than ten million vaccinations are given to children under the age one. Ten million vaccinations just in babies, can you imagine the global number for all ages? Since the end of the 1700 century, vaccinations have built an immunity to many infectious diseases, saving millions of lives; however with new controversy data shows that these vaccines could be causing more harm than good. With the eradication of smallpox, vaccination numbers have skyrocketed and the effectiveness and safety have been questioned. To begin with readers will gain basic knowledge on what a vaccine really is and how it works.
Vaccinations were first introduced in the late 18th century by Edward Jenner. He injected a small amount of cowpox in a thirteen year-old boy to demonstrate the effectiveness it had against smallpox, resulting in the development of the first smallpox vaccine in 1798. Because of his discovery, Jenner contributed to the overall annihilation of the disease in 1979 after the vaccine was implemented in different medicines throughout the world (source). Following Jenner, many others produced vaccines to help reduce the fatalities of common diseases such as measles, polio, and rubella, which were once responsible for millions of deaths every year. Now, there is almost no risk of catching these fatal illnesses.
Vaccines are said to be one of the greatest health developments of the 20th century, saving many lives. That's why the CDC (centers for disease controls) recommends
I wish to explain some common misconceptions involving vaccines moreover, provide some information as to why everyone should be properly vaccinated as it is my personal opinion that they’re an indispensable medical practice. Not only have vaccines greatly improved medical technology, but also the overall health of citizens, and have almost prevented some very lethal diseases from killing the population.
The concept of vaccines, basically exposure to a disease to trick the body into forming immunity, has been controversial from its beginnings. The history of vaccines began in 1796 with Edward Jenner, a doctor from England, who performed the first immunization (Alexandra, Markel, 2005). Edward Jenner showed that a certain level of immunity could be accomplished by dosing patients with cowpox, which is a close relative of smallpox (Alexandra, Markel, 2005). He then tried, without success, to infect that same
For many years ago, children had suffered deadly diseases. Diseases like rubella, measles, diphtheria, smallpox, whooping cough and polio were to a certain point in time, deemed incurable. Since the evolution of vaccines, these diseases have been largely prevented, and many children’s lives were saved.
Illnesses and diseases continues to develop and spread constantly throughout the world. These harmful viruses have always had a huge impact on humanity. It has caused many death and outbreaks in the past and present because it can be passed on easily. Luckily today there are medication to prevent the spread of these viruses, known as vaccines. Vaccines are antibiotics used to provide immunity against diseases. Once vaccines were introduced there were a lot of speculations and assumptions. There are many people who are for and against vaccines, but today there are many health professional, experts, doctors, and parents who believes that vaccination is a life saver. Vaccination is a controversial topic for many parents and guardians of
The CDC estimates that vaccinations will prevent more than 21 million hospitalizations and 732,000 deaths among children born in the last 20 years (CDC). Smallpox once killed 35% of its victims, and now it is the only disease considered eradicated worldwide. Many other diseases have been eliminated in the Americas, including polio, rubella, and hepatitis. The countless lives and money saved by eliminating these diseases far outweigh the small, unproven risk that vaccines may be harmful.
However, it wasn’t until 1955, when Salk’s vaccine was released for polio, that vaccinations really become accessible and used by the public (Mnookin, 2011). Since then, vaccines have been tested and more diseases can be prevented by getting vaccinated. Vaccinations prevent serious diseases such as measles and smallpox. Overall, the purpose of vaccines are to make the body immune to an array of diseases by introducing a weak form of an disease to the immune system, thus allowing white blood cells to fight the disease and protect the body from that disease (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,