Victor Vroom's Expectancy Theory

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Everybody wants to be productive, but getting enough motivation to work can sometimes seem impossible. Social scientists have studied aspects of workplace enthusiasm for decades, attempting to discover what drives human behavior, how and why. Therefore, dozens of principles of motivation and theories have been tested and proposed over the years. One of those theories is Victor Vroom’s expectancy theory.
The expectancy theory states that people choose how to behave based on the desired outcome they expect from their conduct. The theory suggests that motivation is directly related to an individual’s performance and output, and hence, people tend to change their conduct based on their expected outcome. Understanding what the employees want helps them improve their willingness to perform and managers can effectively run motivational programs. The expectation theory provides organizational management with the focus on concrete tasks that better the employees’ coordination.
Moreover, Vroom affirms that a worker’s knowledge and experience significantly influence their productivity. He adds that achievement and effort are connected to a person’s motivation. In such a way, workers set goals and can be motivated if they expect that there is a positive link between efforts and performance. They anticipate that hard work results in a captivating reward and that compensation satisfies a critical need, as the following variables describe.
Typically, the three components of Vroom’s

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