Watson 's Theory Of Human Caring

Decent Essays

Watson’s Carative Factors
According to Watson, the ten carative factors of her theory serve as core principles critical to the practice of human caring (Watson, 2012). Watson’s theory provides an appropriate framework to help palliative care nurses promote positive outcomes in patients experiencing hopelessness. For example, one of Watson’s carative factors encourages patients to promote negative feelings in order to strengthen the nurse-patient relationship (McKay, Rajacich, & Rosenbaum, 2002). Encouraging patients to vent feelings of hopelessness allows the nurse to provide the patient with proper support. Watson’s Theory of Human Caring can be operationalized by demonstration of ten caritas factors in Watson’s Caring Factor Survey. …show more content…

Definitions of hopelessness in nursing literature tend to vary. According to the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association (NANDA), “hopelessness is a subjective state in which an individual sees limited or unavailable alternatives or personal choices and is unable to mobilize energy on own behalf,” (2017, p. 466). NANDA’s defining characteristics of hopelessness include, but are not limited to: passivity, lack of involvement in care, decreased appetite and decreased verbalization (2017, p. 466). The concept of hopelessness within the nursing context encompasses cognitive and emotional elements. In her research, Campbell identified four characteristics of hopelessness: negative future expectations, loss of control over future outcomes, passive acceptance, and emotional negativity (Campbell, 1987). Within the nursing context, hopelessness can also be viewed as lack of involvement in one’s own care (Kylma, Duggleby, Cooper, & Molander, 2005). Another prominent study in nursing, however, focusing on the dynamics of hope and hopeless in palliative care suggested that most of the terminally ill patients attributed their feelings of hopelessness to losses in the past (Olsman, Leget, Duggleby, & Willems, 2015). Feelings of hopelessness can also be considered either state of being or a character trait (Dunn, 2005). Hopelessness can also be viewed independently

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