What Is Peer Review?

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The literature review What is peer review? Peer review is the evaluation of scholarly and academic articles by other researchers or scientists who are expert in the field and qualified enough to perform a reasonably neutral review. It is an indispensable part of the process of the scholarly publication. Most academic journals rely on scholarly peer review, or refereeing, to help editors evaluate the quality of articles submitted to their journals. The review process is a skill, which is learned through practice and experience (British Ecological Society, 2013). The purpose of peer review The primary purpose of the peer review is to assess the quality of the research and the paper as well. It provides the journal editor with the information needed to reach a reasonable decision. According to Hames (2008), peer review is an important part of the quality control mechanism used to determine what it should be published, and what it should not. Any scholarly work or research will not be considered until it has been validated by peer review. The peer review process acts as a filter for interest and relevance to the field being targeted by a journal. Peer review, therefore, should serve numerous purposes as follows: - To help select quality articles for publication based on their scientific merit and validity and their methodology. - To ensure that the work is properly described and the results presented have been interpreted appropriately. - To improve the manuscript (improve
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