Jacques Cartier was a determined,intelligent, and patient explorer of France who was born on December 1, 1491. Cartier was best known for being the first European to describe and map the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the shores of the Saint Lawrence River. He proudly named his rightful discoveries, “The country of Canada's.” Samuel De Champlain was a whole hearted, strong, intelligent, patriotic french navigator. Born August 13, 1574. Champlain founded New France and Quebec City on July 3, 1608, many referred to Champlain as, “The father of New France.” The pondering question that must be answered is; who is the better explorer, and more importantly who was the better leader? Leadership: To lead the way
Within the realm of history, a source of evidence is essential in order to differentiate the fact from fiction. This is why a primary source is so vital! Because, a primary source provides the reader with direct evidence of an event or a speech; giving them a better understanding of the material. The only problem is: these sources do not provide the full facts, leaving the readers with a plethora of questions. Don’t get me wrong though, the readers should be asking a lot of questions! Because, with all of those questions, the reader can be engaged with the content in order to find some concrete evidence.
Even though Jacques Cartier and Samuel de Champlain had huge impacts on history and Eastern Canada to this day, which one of them made a larger impact to discovery and exploration. One perspective on this issue is that Cartier was more important because he was the first to explore the St. Lawrence. Another perspective is that Champlain was more important as he set up many colonies and discovered many first nation ethnic groups. Jacques Cartier was the first explorer to travel and map the St. Lawrence, a river with massive importance to Eastern Canada in the times of the fur trade to today. He also made two separate journeys, discovering many first nation groups along the way.
We are going to talk about how Cartier and Champlain made enemies of the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois). Jack was credited with the European discovery of the entry to Canada the St. Lawrence River. While Champlain sailed from St. Malo, France in 1534 with two ships and a crew of sixty one men. Cartier was commissioned by King Francis l in France in 1534 to travel to North America to look for spices, gold, diamonds, and most important the passage to the Far East. Cartier travelled through the Strait of Belle Isle, south along the western coast of Newfoundland, and around the Gulf of St. Lawrence.
This essay will explain why Samuel de Champlain was a better leader than Jacques Cartier. “Leadership and learning are indispensable to each other,” said U.S. President John F. Kennedy. Jacques Cartier and Samuel de Champlain were two French explorers who were the best of the best at what they did. Both men tried to tame the wild snowy beast that we now know as Canada. Both men were greatly respected explorers and leaders: one came to Canada tasked with finding routes through Canada to Asia, and the other man came to establish the fur trade. The debate about who was the better leader is still going on until today, but this essay will try and show that the best leader was Samuel de Champlain.
French explorer Jacques Cartier should be recognized in the Hall of Fame because he claimed Canada for France. Cartier was born December 1, 1534, in Saint-Malo, Brittany, into a well-respected marine family (Ages of Exploration - Jacques Cartier). As Cartier was the first mate on his father’s fishing boat, the French king soon heard about his boating skills from the bishop of Saint-Malo. King Francis l commissioned Cartier to seek out precious metals and spices in North America. Over the course of three voyages, Jacques explored the St. Lawrence Gulf and the Eastern coast of Canada.
However, before he became the revolutionary figure that he is most known for today, Cartier studied law and after his graduation, in 1835, he was offered to join the bar of Lower Canada to begin practising in his profession in the office of Edouard-Étienne Rodier. Two years later, Cartier’s profound dislike for the government caused him to take part in the rebellion of 1837, inspired by Louis Papineau. Due to that unsuccessful event, he was forced to flee to the United States, but was allowed to return the next year to continue practising law. Instead, he decided to enter the field of politics and was elected to go to the legislative assembly of Canada. There, he was a main representative and leader of the French Canadians and became a Canadian statesman where he represented Verchelles and Montréal.
Cartier was attracted to the grand eel fishery and established relationships with the St. Lawrence Iroquoians. Later, Champlain voyaged out to present day Quebec City for the large eel fishery appealed to him because he was partly incentivized to form trade relations with the Indigenous and a major fraction of them were invested in this eel
The 16th century is often referred to as “The Rise of The West” by modern day historians due to the colonization and Imperial expansion of the Western world by European powers. Expeditions appointed by European monarchs to discover routes to the abundant resources in China and the Indies brought some of the first European explorers to the shores of present day Canada. French explorer Jacques Cartier was delegated the task of finding a western passage to the East and when he crossed the Atlantic and landed on the shores of present day Newfoundland in 1534 he thought he had found Asia. When Cartier inserted a cross in the soil in the Gaspé Peninsula declaring it for France he unknownly fabricated the first colony of New France. Cartier, escorted by several ships searched the Eastern coast of North America for precious goods to transport back to King François I of France to solidify backing for future expeditions. Between 1534 and 1541 Cartier made three voyages to North America each time bringing captives and furs back to France in an attempt to illustrate the wealth of these new found lands. After failed attempts to secure a permanent settlement near Stadacona (present-day Quebec City) and further failed attempts to colonize lands further south the French turned the attention to their own lands where a religious civil war was waging. It was not until over sixty years later that the French returned to North America with a new approach in mind.
John Cabot, born in about c 1450, was an explorer from venice, Italy. In 1496, Cabot was given a grant to sail to what they intended on discovering a trade route to Asia, coming from the west. However, he and his crew ended up sailing along Newfoundland and Labrador. Although he did not succeed in finding a trade route, he did make a note that the waters were filled with Cod. His trip to what would be Canada was the second time it ever occurred, leaving the land to be claimed by
Also since this trip had a larger party with 5 ships and 300 men. In May 1498, John and crew left England with a hope of trading. They took things such as sample provisions and small sampling of clothing, lace points, and other “trifles”. During this trip, the ships had to face many difficulties such as one ship losing direction and going to Ireland while the others never returned. Many theories say that they were ship wrecked but documents have been found leading to Cabot and his men being alive during that time. The only thing that can be said about Cabot is that he discovered present day Canada, causing England power to rise in the 16th and 17th centuries. John Cabot had many impacts on this world and the history such as helping to map the world out and to create land for England in the Newland. Even though his multiple voyages were helpful he did not accomplish what he wanted to do since he did not reach Asia. Furthermore, He gained land for his country since the eastern coast of Canada was still not developed by Native
As an adult he moved to Cadiz and became a Squire, he was taught to hunt and handle weapons such as swords and Spanish guns that looked like rifles. Because of this he was recruited to fight against the Moors in Granada from 1487 to 1492. Nevertheless he was considered of a person without importance when he took his first expedition in 1493 on Christopher Columbus’s second voyage to the new world. This voyage started in the harbor of Cadiz and led to the Canary Islands, which is where the last touch of land was had before amassing the large body of water that is the Atlantic which eventually led to Espanola. This particular voyage took roughly twenty two days to cross the Atlantic. Aurelio Tio, a historian of the time from Puerto Rico describes Juan Ponce De Leon before he began his journey, “He [Juan Ponce] was a squire without a source of wealth, a veteran of the Conquest of Granada, in search of fame, honor, adventure, and fortune, like the
Europeans such as, Amerigo Vespucci, Jacques Cartier, and Henry Hudson, not only helped found America, but these voyagers cultured America with their languages, their technologies that are already in their own countries, and foods and spices. Amerigo Vespucci traveled from Spain, he traveled with supplies to find new trade routes that made water ways around America. Jacques Cartier traveled from France, he was looking for a couple main reasons like gold, silver, copper and spices, but not trying to hurt the land or native people in the process like other explorers. Henry Hudson sailed for England, he was looking for new information on the North American water routes and trading between different countries. These explorers aren’t the only
In 1608 he set off on another expedition. In 1605 in the summer he found a Region which would soon be “Plymoth Rock.” July 19,1629 he returned to France,in France he got lawsuits and unable to return to Quebec. He sailed down the Coast of New England, sailed up the St. Lawrence and Saguenay rivers, And explored Gaspe Peninsula. He explored the St.Bay. John River a small Island,a team built a fort for the winter and stayed there until it was over. His explorations led him down the Atlantic coast southward to Massachusetts Bay and beyond,mapping in detail the harbours that his English rivals had only touched. Chaplain fought the most major battle in 1608, against the Iroquois, cementing a hostile relationship that would last more than a century. Champlain spent three winters in Acadia the first one on an island in the St. Croix River where scurvy killed half of the party.